DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Page Updated:- Tuesday, 13 September, 2022.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton

Earliest 1712

Three Horseshoes

Closed 2003+

Hardres Court Road

Lower Hardres

https://whatpub.com/three-horseshoes

Three Horseshoes 1950

Above photo, circa 1950s, kindly sent by Kev Williams.

Three Horseshoes 1960

Above photo, August 1960, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1960

Above photo, August 1960, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1960

Above photo, August 1960, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1961

Above photo, October 1961, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1962

Above photo, October 1962, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1963

Above photo, March 1963, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1963

Above photo, March 1963, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 1963

Above photo, March 1963, kindly sent by Clive Bowley.

Three Horseshoes 2002

Above photo, 2002, kindly sent by Geoffrey Hall.

Three Horseshoes 2002

Above photo, 2002, kindly sent by Geoffrey Hall.

Three Horseshoes 2009

Above image from Google, April 2009.

Three Horseshoes card

Above card, date unknown, kindly sent by Allan Ward.

Three Horseshoes sign 1991

Above sign, July 1991.

With thanks from Brian Curtis www.innsignsociety.com.

Robert Greenham says the following:- The 1991 colour photo of the repainted Free House sign above enables us to see the traditional three-bolt fixings of the sign's hinges at the top corners of the sign - a feature of the standard construction of Whitbread's signs in the 1940s and 1950s. Almost certainly, this sign had been the earlier sign we see in the monochrome photo.

Three Horseshoes card

The above sign, wasn't actually designed and released by Whitbread, but has been designed by Robert Greenham in the same style as the card sets they distributed as a representation of what the sign looked like. Robert says:- The image for which was the designer, Kathleen M Claxton's, original watercolour artwork which I photographed. It looks a bit 'rough' compared to the finished sign which we see in your monochrome photo, but at least it has the originally intended colours. This was based on the image which appeared on Whitbread's metal map for East Kent which was painted by D. W. Burley in 1950, on commission from Whitbread.

Whitbread metal map 1950

The above metal map, kindly sent by Robert Greenham was released, in 1950 and painted by D. W. Burley, and was titled Inn-Signia of Whitbread Houses in East Kent, Whitbread & Co Ltd. The Inn Signs designed by:- M. C. Balston, Vena Chalker, Kathleen M Claxton, K. M. Doyle, Ralph Ellis, Marjorie Hutton, Harvey James, Prudence Rae-Martin, Violet Rutter, L. Toynbee and Kit Watson.

Former Three Horseshoes 2014

Above photo 2014.

Above map 2010 produced when it was proposed to convert the premises into two dwellings.

George Palmer Baker

Above photo showing George Palmer Baker circa 1954. Kindly sent by Kevin Williams.

George Palmer Baker

Above photo showing George Palmer Baker circa 1954. Kindly sent by Kevin Williams.

Three Horseshoes locals 1954

Above photo showing locals circa 1954. Kindly sent by Kevin Williams.

Former Three Horseshoes 2019

Above photo, May 2019, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

 

The pub is a seventeenth century house which has only been licensed since 1712. The Three Horseshoes actually form the arms of
the London Company of Farriers.

It is said that Dedea Redanies (26) who murdered the Back girls in 1856 at Steddy Hole just to the back of the "Valiant Sailor," Folkestone, on his way to Canterbury was caught at a place called Milton Chapel Farm at Chartham after drinking a swift half pint in this pub.

 

From the Kentish Weekly Post or Canterbury Journal 7 September 1819.

VALUABLE BREWERY,

Free Public Houses and other estates,

To be Sold By Auction, By Messrs. White, (Without Reserve).

Pursuant to certain orders of the Vice Chancellor of Great Britain, and before the Major part of the Commissioners named and authorised in and by a Commission of bankrupt awarded and issued against Matthew William Sankey, of the City of Canterbury, brewer, dealer and chapman, at the Guildhall, of the said city of Canterbury, on Wednesday next, the 22nd day of September next, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, (subject to such conditions of sale as shall be then and there produced.)
The following very Valuable Freehold Estates, in Lots.

Valuable Brewery free public houses and other Estates to be sold by auction by Mrs white without reserve.

Lot 14. A Messuage called the "Three Horse Shoes," with the stable, yard, garden, and appurtenances, situate at Lower Hardres, in the said County, and now in the occupation of Sarah White, widow.

 

From the Kentish Gazette, 12 July 1842.

THE ANNUAL HOP BETTING DINNER, will take place at the "Three Horse Shoes," LOWER HARDRES, on THURSDAY, the 14th inst., when the company of any Gentleman will be esteemed a favour by J. Oldfield.

Dinner at Two o’clock precisely.

 

Kentish Gazette, 9 July 1844.

Trap Match.

We understand the annual trap match will take place at the "Three Horse Shoes," Lower Hardres, on Thursday next.

 

Kentish Gazette, 12 October 1852.

George Booth, known by the name of "Viper George." of Canterbury, was engaged by Mr. Chandler, of Lower Hardres, to pick hops, but being unable to fulfil his agreement, in consequence of being poisoned by a viper, he sent another man in his place. On Wednesday, the hopping being finished, the people adjourned to the "Three Horse Shoes" public-house, Lower Hardres, where George Booth made his appearance, and drank with the party; this caused some dissatisfaction, as he had no right there; some altercation ensued, and he was pushed out of the house into the road, and fell on his back, his head coming in contact with the stones. The landlord, some time after, finding the man laying on the ground, supposed he was drunk, and carried him to the stable. A few hours afterwards he was taken out of the stable by some men who had been in the habit of sleeping there, and laid on some fagots, where he was observed by an old woman, and in consequence of her representation to the landlord, he was taken into the stable again, and sent home the next day about twelve o'clock; he was in a state of insensibility the whole of the time. A medical man wan then called in, but the deceased lingered till Friday afternoon, when he died. The same evening an inquest was opened on the body, but adjourned for the purpose of a post mortem examination being made. The deceased has left a wife and two children. The jury assembled again yesterday (Monday), and after hearing the evidence of a medical man, they returned a verdict of ''Accidental death" from a fall.

 

Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, Saturday 31 July 1909.

A quiet pint of beer.

Hammond Tapley, junior, was charged that he did on the 17th July in a public house at Lower Hardres assault and beat a labourer, Thomas Hope.

Defendant pleaded guilty to striking him in self defence.

The Magistrates' Clerk: That is a plea of "Not guilty."

"Not guilty," accordingly was entered.

Thomas Hope, the complainant, said I live at Street End, Lower Hardres, and am a labourer. On the 17th July I was at the "Three Horseshoes" public house at about 8 o'clock in the evening and saw the defendant. He accused me of taking a "varmint" trap. I said I knew nothing about it, and without another word he hit me with his hands on the head knocking me down, and then kicked me in the jaw. I lost consciousness. Joseph Gilham, Frederick Rayfield, and two others were present. It was in the tap room. Gilham and Rayfield are here. One of them pulled him away from me. I could not go to work for two or three days in consequence of the injuries. When I got up I had another half pint of beer, Mr. Marsh, the landlord, brought it in. My mate, Mayfield, paid for it, Mr. Marsh new all about the assault.

Defendant questioned complainant with a view to showing that defendant did not kick him. Complainant denied having previously struck defendant. He knew nothing about Rayfield. Said did not see Rayfield strike him, and did not set his dog on to Tapley. Defendant was not under the seat. He did not see anybody take hold of Tapley before the assault.

By the magistrates:- He had known defendant about seven or eight years and hitherto been very good friends with him. He had fallen out with him over the vermin trap. He had had no other Fallout.
Frederick Rayfield, labourer, said that several men are at the public house on the night in question. One was Sargent. He saw Tapley knock Hope down and kick him. They had had a few words. Tapley was sitting between Hope and himself. Tapley was standing up when he struck Hope. He struck him on the chest and knocked him off the form, and then kicked him in the jaw and face. Gilham helped to hold Tapley's leg to stop him kicking. Hope was on the ground two or three minutes. Tapley was kicking Hope nearly all the time. Witness did nothing during that time. He only looked on. Tapley went away and Hope got up and everything was all quiet. He should not think Hope had more than a pint of beer before the assault.

By the Magistrates: The landlord was in his stable seeing to his horse. He came in just after it was done.

Complainant said he did not wish to call Gilham.

Defendant decided to give evidence on oath. He said he was a keeper to Sir James Baker White. Hope asked him if he have found any more traps missing lately and after other words struck him with his right fist on the jaw. Defendant defending himself. Hope said to his dog. "Go for him, Dick," and defendant called out to Sargent to get the dog off. Defendant struggled about and got out of there clutches, and then knocked Hope and Rayfield down. Both were standing up. Defendant then left the house. Sargent's share was the pull the dog off. As he went out of the door Hope was close behind him and wanted to fight again. He said, "Come on, you ------. I ain't done with you yet." Defendant did not answer, but walked away.

Edward File, a woodcutter, and a young man named Sutton were present. Neither of these two was in court.

Edward Sargent, labourer, Lower Hardres, said he was in the tap room and saw Hope and Rayfield with Tapley between them. They seem to be whispering. The next thing he saw was all three on the ground, and Hope had his hands on Tapley's throat. He heard nothing said has Tapley went out of the door. Both Hope and Rayfield follow Tapley out. The parties might have had a glass, but he did not say they were under the influence of drink. The two gentlemen had a quart, but did not drink it as it was knocked over.

Joseph Gilham said he was a labourer living in Lower Hardres. He said he saw nothing and heard nothing between the parties till he saw all three on the floor with a dog. He was having a quiet pint of beer in a corner. (Laughter.) Witness placed Tapley out of the dogs way. He had been in the house about 3 hours. His recollection was not very clear as to how much beer he had had. (Laughter.)

Defendant wished to show the magistrates signs of the bite of the dog on his leg, but the magistrates thought this unnecessary.

The magistrates dismissed the case.

The parties had to pay 2s. each.

 

LICENSEE LIST

WHITE Sarah (widow) 1819+

BARTLET George 1858+

PILCHER Thomas 1861-62+ (age 59 in 1861Census)

MARTIN James 1874+

MARSH John 1881-1913+ (age 57 in 1901Census) Kelly's 1903

SMITH Walter Ernest 1920s-30s

CLARKE John Arthur 1938+

BAKER George Palmer 5/Feb/1952-6/Apr/55 Next pub licensee had

WEIGHT Philip & Anne 1957-62

SOURAY David 1962-late 60s

STOGDEN John after late 1960s

WILLIAMS Derry 2001 dec'd

http://londonpublichouse.com/ThreeHorseShoes.shtml

 

CensusCensus

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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