Page Updated:- Saturday, 10 September, 2022.


Earliest 1847

Rising Sun

Demolished 1980s

Holborough Road




The Rising Sun

Ted Gowers has kindly given the Society deed dated November 1858.

It recites that Walter Coulson of 18, Great Queen St., Westminster, at the request of Ambrose Gowar of Birling, yeoman, and Richard Gowar of Birling, yeoman, lends 700 to Ambrose Gowar with interest, to be repaid on May 1859. By an indenture dated 14 December 1855, the property stands settled to Richard Gowar for life. Richard Gowar and Ambrose Gowar grant to Walter Coulson 'all and singular the messuage and hereditaments, situate at Holborough... lately in the occupation of the said Richard Gowar and now in the occupation of Henry Hawks as tenant to the said Richard Gowar' which by indenture dated 12 February 1855 were conveyed to use of Richard Gowar and Fanny, then his wife, their heirs and assigns, described as:-

'All those two messuages tenements or cottages, with the buildings, gardens and premises there unto belonging, situate at Snodland... late in the respective occupations of the widow Huggins, and one Hewitt, and since of Robert Campion and Henry Harris, except the scite whereon blacksmith's forge, now pulled down, formerly stood, and over which scite, the Turnpike Road form Town Mailing to Strood, now passes.'

The two cottages were converted into the "Rising Sun" and Henry Hawks, who had married Eliza Ann Gowar (Richard's niece) in 1851, gave up his former job as wheelwright and carpenter to become the first publican there. He was succeeded by his son Henry (d. 1929)



National School 1855-1924 By Chris Worpole

...... The next school master was Alfred Hawks who was to remain at the school until December 1918, becoming the longest serving master at the school. Alfred was born in 1854 at Snodland in Kent, where his father Henry was the licensed victualler at ‘The Rising Sun'. In 1871, at the age of 17, Alfred was working as a pupil teacher at Snodland. In 1875 he married Sarah Dulton, whose occupation in 1871 was also as a teacher at Snodland. Alfred and Sarah moved to Hadleigh in 1875, where they brought up their family of five daughters and three sons. At least three of the daughters ~ Alice, Minnie and Kate worked as assistant school teachers at their father's school. Alfred retired in 1918, at the age of 64, dying in Kent in 1943.


Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser 05 September 1864.


The applications for spirit licenses were four in number, namely:- From Henry Hawks, landlord of the "Rising Sun," Snodland; Mrs. Webb, landlady of the "White Horse," West Malling; George Jarrett, landlord of the "Woodman," East Mailing; and Nicholas Paramore, landlord of the "Good Intent," West Farleigh. Mr. W. South Norton appeared in support of the two first-named houses, and Mr. Goodwin was instructed for Messrs. Paramore and Jarrett. The Bench granted the license to the "Rising Sun," Snodland, and refused the other applications.


From the Maidstone and Kentish Journal, 3 October, 1895.


On Thursday morning, a man named John Hayes died at the "Rising Sun Inn," Snodland, under strange circumstances.

On Wednesday evening, Hayes a Snodland man, who separated from his wife, and has for some years led a wandering life, entering the "Rising Sun," where were a lime-worker name Lambert, and several other men. Hayes began to trouble Lambert, who, it is alleged, gave him a blow, knocking him in the road, at the foot of the three steps which lead into the room. No further notice was taken of the occurrence, and later in the evening Hayes was seen lying against the wall of a house apparently sleep, with his bag under his head. It was thought that he was sleeping of his liquor, and no attention was paid to him. Early on Thursday morning he was seen in the same place by several persons, but there seemed nothing unusual in his appearance. Between 6 and 7 o'clock Mr. Hawkes, landlord of the inn, on opening the his house, saw Hayes, and observing some blood around his nose, tried to rouse him, but without success, although he was breathing naturally. The police and a medical man was called, but Hayes died before anything could be done for him.

A post mortem then was made on the body by Dr. Freeland and Dr. Smith but no marks of violence could be found which could by any means account for Death. A clot of blood was found at the base of the skull, and the medical evidence went to show that deceased's method of living and general neglect of himself had brought on a fit of apoplexy.

At the inquest the jury, in accordance with this evidence brought in a verdict of "Death from natural causes."


On 4th June 1912 the "Rising Sun" at Snodland was sold for 2,250.


From the By Amy Tregenna, 10 September 2022.

The Rising Sun.

The Rising Sun, which, much like many other pubs in the area, was demolished in the early 1980s when the Snodland and Halling bypass was built, is believed to have started its life in 1847.

A man named Richard Gowar moved his business there and continued to own the building after being succeeded as landlord, before passing the property onto his son Ambrose, who had also been the landlord for the "Freemasons Arms" from 1854 to 1881.

Henry Hawkes married Richard Gowar's granddaughter Eliza Ann and took over as landlord in 1859.

Henry's grandfather John Hawkes was the landlord for the "Red Lion."



GOWAR Richard 1847-1859

HAWKES Henry 1859-1881 (age also carpenter age 36 in 1861Census) Kelly's 1874

HAWKES Henry (Junr.) 1882-1900 (age 39 in 1891Census) Kelly's 1899

COOK Henry 1901-1904 (age 46 in 1901Census) Kelly's 1903

SANDERS Alfred 1905-1911 (age 55 in 1911Census)

HAWKS William 1912-1942 (age 83 in 1939) Kelly's 1913Kelly's 1934

CLARK Henry Frederick 1943-1947

CLARK Mabel Florence 1948

O'GRADY William John 1949-1955

DONNELL Alfred John 1956-1957

BILLMORE Daniel William 1958-1962

WHITE Stanley Henry 1963-1965

WHITE Margaret Mary 1966-1968

WOODLEY Robert Alfred 1969-1974


Kelly's 1874From the Kelly's Directory 1874

Kelly's 1899From the Kelly's Directory 1899

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

Kelly's 1913From the Kelly's Directory 1913

Kelly's 1934From the Kelly's Directory 1934



If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-