DOVER KENT ARCHIVES
PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Barry Smith and Paul Skelton

Earliest 1758-

Cross Keys

Latest 1859

Custom House Quay

 

Present in 1784-1859 but otherwise I can say little. I did come across it once spelt 'Quays'.

 

From the Kentish Post, February 22-25, 1758. Kindly sent from Alec Hasenson.

Sale of a Cutter at the "Cross Keys Inn," in Dover, 2nd March.

 

From the Kentish Gazette or Canterbury Chronicle, Saturday, 22 October, to Wednesday 26 October, 1768. Price 2d.

TO BE SOLD PUBLICKLY TO THE HIGHEST BIDDER

On Monday the 7th Day of November, 1768, at the “Cross Keys Inn” in Dover, precisely at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon.

All that good Brigantine or Vessel called the Elizabeth, (formerly of Scarborough) of the Burthen of 120 Ton or thereabouts, now lying in Dovor Harbour; with the Masts, Sails, Anchor, Cable, Tackle, Apparel, and Furniture thereto belonging.

N.B. The said Brigantine is a strong Vessel, sails well, and is in good Condition, fit for the Newfoundland or Coal Trade.

An Inventory and Conditions of Sale may be seen by applying to Mr. Thomas Thompson, Wooldraper, or Mr. Farbrace, Attorney at Dovor, any Time between the 4th of November and the Time of Sale.

 

Kentish Gazette 04 April 1788.

WILLIAM CROW, From MARGATE.

BEGS Leave to acquaint his Friends, and the Public in general, that he has fitted up the "Cross Keys Inn," Dover, pleasantly situated upon the Quay, near the Custom-House, for the reception of Ladies and Gentlemen who will honour him with their Company.

N.B. A good Larder, and neat Wines.

Post-chaises, and a Morning and Evening Coach, every day to London.

*The Family speak French.*

 

From an email sent on 16 February 2008.

I saw your web site on Dover pubs for the first time yesterday. Great work!

So far as the Cross-Keys Inn on Custom House Quay is concerned, I have come across this pub as far back (so far! [Now pre-dated as above]) as 1784, when a sailing cutter was advertised in the Kentish Gazette as for sale by auction at the Cross-Keys Coffee-House on Thursday, the 24th February, 1784, possibly to a smuggling gang who hid their intentions! Smuggling was a thriving industry in those days, as I am sure you know. I have not seen any mention of her as a cross-Channel passage vessel in any of the 'Shipping News' items printed in the Kentish Gazette.

The inventory and particulars were available from Messrs. Latham and Son. Hope that's of interest to you.

Best wishes,

 

Alec Hasenson

 

From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 17 March, 1838. Price 7d.

DOVER POLICE COURT

Wednesday:- Johan Auguste Kihlstedt and Jamed Kennedy, mariners, were committed for trial on a charge of stealing two boxes, containing about 20lbs. of candles, and 40lbs. of soap, from the cargo of the schooner Aarora, of Jersey. Three boxes had been stolen; and it appeared by the evidence against the prisoners, that they, with two other men, were the thieves. One of the latter having taken apart of the stolen goods to the "Cross Keys," where they were afterwards found and given up by the landlord to the sergeants of police, who apprehended the prisoners.

 

From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday, 27 December, 1845. Price 5d.

CORONER'S INQUEST

An inquest was held on Monday last, at eight o'clock in the evening, at the “Cross Keys,” Custom-house Quay, before G. T. Thompson, Esq., Coroner for the Borough, on the body of John Allison, porter, who met with his death by falling over the Quay into the water on the previous night. The Jury having appointed Mr. W. B. Batcheller as foreman, they proceeded to view the body, and on their return the following evidence was adduced:-

Samuel Clark, labourer, deposed: Last night, shortly after nine o'clock, as I came upon Custom-house Quay, I saw a man, four or five feet from the “Cross Keys,” staggering about as if very much in liquor. He was fumbling about with his trousers, and as he was making for the edge of the Quay I ran over to save him. When I got to him he was reeling, and in the act of falling; and I caught a slight hold of his gabardine on the shoulder, but could not keep him from falling. There was about three or four feet of water in the harbour at the time. I directly boarded a schooner that was laying close by, and hailed her. A man came up from the forecastle directly, and was soon after joined by another, both of whom I supposed belonged to the schooner. We looked for a rope, but not finding one, one of the men cut the schooner's boat adrift, and, with two others, went to her to where deceased was. They did not place him in the boat, but fastened a rope round him, below his arms; and then I an others dragged him up the Quay wall. This being done, I instantly ran to the “Cross Keys,” and ordered blankets to be got in readiness. On my return I recognised the deceased as Allison, and he was then foaming at the mouth. While in the water he appeared standing, bent forward; but I do not know whether or not his face was under water. He groaned heavily seven or eight times while in the water.

By a Juror: He was eight or ten minutes in the water.

John Coleman, jun., surgeon, deposed: I was called about nine last evening to attend deceased. His clothes had been taken off before I saw him. On examining the body, I found life quite extinct. There was neither sensation, voluntary motion, respiration, or circulation, to be observed. I used the ordinary means for respiration for upwards of two hours without success. I discovered no marks of violence of any character or importance. I am of opinion that he died from suffocation by drowning.

Edward Woolcock, mariner, deposed: Last night, about nine, I left my vessel (the Elizabeth fishing-smack, lying nearly opposite the “Cross Keys”) to go on an errand, and had not proceeded far when a person called out that a man was overboard. I ran back, went on board the Rotyal Oak schooner, and, accompanied by another man, got into a boat, with which we went and found the deceased lying with his head bent forward into the water, the back of it appearing above the surface. I lifted up his head, and he appeared to me to be quite gone. He was taken up on the quay, as described by the first witness. I heard the man groan in the water. Five minutes elapsed between the time I got on board the Royal Oak and the boat reaching the body.

Peter Colebray, shipwright, deposed: I was at the “Cross Keys” last night, at about ten minutes to nine, and saw the deceased in the parlour. He was not perfectly sober. He had been drinking, but could walk straight, and talk sensibly. As near as I can judge, he left the house at twenty minutes after nine, by the side door. About ten minutes after, I heard some one on the quay cry out, “Oh!” twice. I ran out, and found deceased in the water, and I helped to get him out. He was brought to this house. – before signing his deposition this witness wished to know if he were not to be remunerated for his loss of time, &c., in attending to give evidence, as an allowance was made to witnesses in Court. – The Coroner said that he had no power to award him anything; and the witness after some conversation on this head, retired.

Isaac Pattison deposed: I am landlord of the “Cross Keys.” Allison first came to my house last night about seven o'clock, and left about half-past seven, having had one pint of beer. He came back about eight, and remained till a little after nine, during which time he had one pint and about one third of a quart of beer. He then left, affected by liquor, though to no great extent. I heard the alarm about eight minutes after he had left, and think he was quite ten minutes in the water.

John Blunden deposed: I am servant at the “Cross Keys.” About nine last night, I was called to let deceased out at the yard, which I did, offering to see him home as he was in liquor. He refused to let me, and went on his way alone. I saw him go up the lane towards Strond Street, and turn down that street as if he was going home. I did not see him again till he was brought out of the water.

This being the whole of the evidence, after a short consultation, the Jury returned a verdict of “Accidental death, by Drowning.”

Mr. George Gray, one of the Jury, asked why there Jury were called together so late? The accident happened last night at nine, and it was well known throughout the town that afternoon. It was a great length of time to keep the body from the family.

The Coroner replied that it best suited most business people to hold inquests in the evening. He did not believe there was a Coroner who held inquests sooner than he did; and it was disadvantageous to the enquiry to hold them too soon, as the necessary evidence could not often be obtained. Coroners were not restricted as to the time of holding inquests, farther than it should be done while the body was fresh, and that they should be so held, as something could be gained by the view.

Mr. Gray was looking for the inconvenience and discomfort to which the wife of the deceased must have been put. It might be convenient to gentlemen who were scarcely ever summoned upon a Jury. He had also much reason to complain of being so often called as a Juror, and he thought the duty should be borne in regular turns.

The Coroner replied – the instructions he gave were that they should be called upon in turns. If Mr. Gray had any complaint to make, let him send in a written statement to the Town Council, and he would be ready to answer it.

Mr. Gray said it was not too late to do so yet.

The Foreman then asked whether any of the Jurors, in addition to Mr. Gray, had experienced any inconvenience by being summoned at so late an hour; and was replied in the negative.

The enquiry terminated at about a quarter to eleven.

 

Kentish Gazette, Tuesday 02 April 1850.

An inquest was held on Saturday at the "Cross Keys Inn," Custom House Quay, on the body of Henry Andrews, a fisherman. The deceased was seen about 3 o'clock in the morning in a state of intoxication, and nothing more was heard of him until 6, when he was discovered lying dead on the mud in the inner harbour close to the Quay, opposite to the above in; it was therefore supposed that in trying to get on board a vessel that was near, he must have fallen into the water and was drowned.

The jury returned a verdict of "Found Drowned," and requested the coroner to call the attention of the harbour commissioners to the unsafe state of several of the quays from the want of posts and chains around them.

 

Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette, Saturday 02 November 1850.

DEATH.

May 16, on the high seas, whilst hovelling, from the rupture of a blood vessel. Mr. I. Pattison, landlord of the "Cross Key" public house, Dover.

 

LICENSEE LIST

CURTIS Mr 1759 (Kent Post)

CROW William Apr/1788+

TICKNER Samuel 1791-92+ Dover and Deal Directory and Guide 1792

BLUNDEN John 1823-40+ Pigot's Directory 1823Pigot's Directory 1828-29Pigot's Directory 1840

BLUNDEN Ann 1832-39+ Pigot's Directory 1832-34Pigot's Directory 1839

PATTISON Isaac 1841-Nov/50 dec'd (age 50 in 1841Census) Dover Telegraph

DOUGHTY L 1847 Bagshaw's Directory 1847

FIGG J 1857-59 (Cross Quays)

 

Dover and Deal Directory and Guide 1792Dover and Deal Directory and Guide 1792

Pigot's Directory 1823From the Pigot's Directory 1823

Pigot's Directory 1828-29From the Pigot's Directory 1828-9

Pigot's Directory 1832-34From the Pigot's Directory 1832-33-34

Pigot's Directory 1839From the Pigot's Directory 1839

Pigot's Directory 1840From the Pigot's Directory 1840

Bagshaw's Directory 1847From Bagshaw Directory 1847

Dover TelegraphFrom the Dover Telegraph

CensusCensus

 

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