DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Sort file:- Dover, July, 2020.

Page Updated:- Wednesday, 22 July, 2020.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Barry Smith and Paul Skelton

Earliest 1837

Good Intent

Latest 1887

Queen Street

Dover

Good Intent map

Above 1871 map showing the location of the "Good Intent" and "Regent Inn."

 

Well established by 1844 and an inquest was conducted there four years later, when the mate of the schooner "Carl Adolphe" out of Hamburg, fell from the masthead into the hold. The unfortunate man fought a losing battle for some days. Perhaps of interest also, a schooner named 'Good Intent' often put into Dover and Rye. It belonged to the smuggling fraternity and its false bulkheads, fore and aft, provided room for 147 kegs of brandy either end of the craft. She was eventually arrested by the revenue cutter 'Sylvia' in 1837.

 

The Kent Directory of 1837 mentions a Leonard Epps, Queen Street, Dover, "The Good Intent" and the  Dover Telegraph  of 7 March 1846 p.8 col.3 a "transfer of public house licence from "The Three Kings." Leonard Epps is also mentioned as being licensee of the "Three Kings" from 1839-59, somehow the dates and changes have confused me on this one at present.

 

From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 22 February, 1845. Price 5d.

CORONERS INQUEST

SHOCKING CASE OF DESTITUTION

An inquest was held on Monday afternoon, at the "Good Intent" public house, Queen Street, before G. T. Thompson, Esq., Coroner for the Borough, and a respectable jury on the body of Lydia Chatfield, aged 51. The jury having been appointed Mr. W. Skillman their foreman, the Coroner said before proceeded to view the body he thought it proper to explain why the inquest was held so long after death. It appeared that deceased died on Wednesday morning; but it was not till Saturday Correll called to give him the information. He then, having ascertained that Mr. Sibbett attended deceased, called upon that gentleman. From the statement, and hearing a report was prevalent that the parish had refused to bury the body, he considered it quite necessary to hold the present inquiry. The jury then proceeded to view the body, which was lying at the house opposite. On entering the place a scene of wretchedness was presented, for which we were unprepared. The body was lying in the corner of a dark damp cellar, in which it appeared the whole family had lived. The floor was bare earth, and there was not a particle of furniture or bedding in the place.

The jury having returned to the inquest-room, the following evidence was adduced:-

 Edward Sibbett, surgeon - On the 29th of January I was called upon as a medical officer of the Dover Dispensary to attend a child, named Martha Chatfield, for erysipelas in the face. When I called I saw very great distress in the cellar, which was used as an apartment. The deceased was at the time walking about attending to the child. There was no bed or blankets for any of the family, nor the least particle of furniture, except a box and a small table. I asked deceased if her husband was in work, and she replied no, and had not been for a long time. I then recommended her to make application to the parish for relief. She said her husband did not like to do so. Two or three days after I paid a second visit, and found then very much in the same state. I asked if she had made application to the parish, and she replied no. On Wednesday week I again called to see the child, and found her recovering. I enquired for the mother, and the child told me that was her lying on the floor before the fire. On looking I found her lying on the bare floor, only covered over with an old sack. I spoke to her, and found her extremely weak. I told the child to come with me to the Dispensary, and I sent a cordial medicine, although I did not think it would do much good without other nourishment. I then went and called on Mr. Foord, one of the guardians, who said he could do nothing an the relieving officer, Mr. Bourner, lived in the town; but promised to speak to him should he meet him. I called at the house a day or two afterwards to see the child, and found the deceased in much the same state, but much weaker. One of her daughters was making her a little gruel, and deceased told me her husband had been to work for a day or two. I told her I should state her case to the relieving officer, which I did about half an hour after; and also sent her more cordial medicine from the Dispensary. I then returned to the cellar, and found they had procured a small mattress, on which she was lying. I stated to them what I had done, and did not see her afterwards. I attributed her death to want of proper nourishment and necessaries of life, and by exposure of the cold from lying on a bare earth-floor, without any covering to protect her from the cold. She was labouring under no disease. I never saw any other food in the house but the gruel I have mentioned and a piece of bread. I did not attend to deceased professionally, nor had she made any application at the Dispensary. I merely attended her out of charity from seeing her miserable state.

In reply from a question from the foreman of the jury, Mr. Sibbett said he certainly did consider deceased in great danger.

Thomas Chatfield - I am a labourer, and deceased was my wife. I have rented the cellar in which I now live for the last eighteen months, and am a weekly tenant, hiring it of Mr. W. Horsenaill. In the cellar I live with my wife and three daughters. The rent I pay is 1s. 6d. per week. During the time of my living there I have worked at Mr. Walker's cement-store, and also for Mr. Iggulden and Mr. Bradley. I have not been in regular employ; the longest time I recollect was five weeks at Mr. Iggulden's. I had only three weeks work during the fortnight before my wife's death. I earned 2s. 9d. per day, and owe 9s. 6d. for rent. I had 12s. a week when I worked for Mr. Iggulden. I do not think I have earned more than 20s. a month for the last eighteen months. I have been in Dover four years. My wife has been low and weak for the last four months; but did not lay up until lately. We seldom had any meat, except sometimes of a Saturday when I have been in work. When we had meat she seldom ate any, as she liked bread and butter and tea better. On Friday week when I came home she was worse, complaining of a pain in the side, which continued till she died on the Wednesday morning following. During this time she had gruel and a little wine, which my daughter got for her. I bought her five half-pints of porter. She kept nothing in her stomach for more than a few minutes. I went to Mr. Bourner on Tuesday last, about 6 o'clock in the evening. I told him the state of my wife, and he said he would report it to the Board of Guardians, and I was to call again on Thursday. I went again on Wednesday morning and reported the death of my wife. I have often gone without food; but have left some for the family. I don't think my wife died for want of nourishment. We have never slept on anything but straw littered on the floor, and were very short of covering. I have been obliged to pawn my clothes, and so has my wife. I think she has about 13s. worth now in pledge. The cellar is not cold; but in wet weather the floor is damp.

By one of the jury - My wife used to go out washing till within the last four months. I have never applied to the parish for relief since I have been in Dover. I did once think of doing so, but my wife said we had brought up the family so far, and thought we could keep out of the union.

William Bourner - I am relieving officer for St. Mary's Parish. On Tuesday, the 11th inst. Mr. Sibbitt called at my house and reported to me the case of a woman who was ill in a cellar near the Charity School. He said they were in a deplorable state, and if anything could be done for them it would be an act of charity. I said the application did not come in the regular way, as he could not apply for another person; but, upon his representation, I would go down and see about it. About 5 o'clock the husband of the deceased called at my house, and I told him I was about to see after his wife, as Mr. Sibbitt had called. I asked him what he required, and he said he wished me to apply to his parish, High Halden. He gave me the particulars, and I promised to write to Mr. Longley, the relieving officer, who also promised to bring his case before our Board of Guardians. He told me his wife was ill, and I said if he wanted immediate relief would give him an order to go into the house. I asked who attended his wife, and he replied Mr. Sibbitt. I said then you don't want an order for a medical man, and he said no. I offered him an order to go into the house as being an able-bodied man; but could not give him out-door relief. He went away apparently satisfied; but came back the following morning, saying his wife had died at mid-night, and asked for a coffin and shroud, for which I gave him an order. I did not go to see the family, as the man having called I considered sufficient. I did not hear anything of the case till informed by Mr. Sibbitt; nor did I know anything of the family.

Mr. Bourner said as reports were current that the parish had refused to bury the body, he considered it necessary to state that, in addition to giving Chatfield the order for the coffin on Wednesday, he had paid the burial fees on Thursday.

Mr. Foord said he had heard such reports, in consequence of which he had attended the inquest. If there had been any neglect on the part of the relieving officer, he should be the first to bring the same before the Guardians. They had hitherto had no ground for complaint against Mr. Bourner, and he was happy to find that in this case no blame whatsoever could be attached to him.

A desultory conversation took place between some of the jury and the superintendent of police as to the irregular life led by the family, which was stopped by the Coroner, and the examination continued.

John Barkley - I am a dealer in marine stores, and occupy the room over the cellar in which deceased lived. I have lived there eight months, during which time I have never entered their cellar, as they were very close, and would not allow any one to go there. I have often had conversations with deceased, who never complained of being destitute, although I think she must have been so, and she often sold me bones and rags for a halfpenny. I never saw deceased and her husband quarrel, and think they lived comfortably. I have not seen deceased for the last fortnight; she then appeared in good health. I heard nothing of her illness until the day after she died.

Martha Chatfield - I am 17 years of age, and the deceased was my mother. I have lived with her since we have been in Dover. My father has only had odd jobs occasionally; he, however, always gave to my mother the money he earned. We have never been a whole day without food, which consisted chiefly of bread and butter. I have never heard my mother complain of hunger and having nothing to eat. She was taken with a pain in her inside last Friday week. On that day we had about 1½lbs. of mutton, with potatoes, for dinner; and also had bread and butter for breakfast and tea. This was not the best or worst day's living we had had. Between Friday and the day my mother died she had had 3 or 4 penny buns, some tart, 3 or 4 half-pints of porter, and four penny-worth of wine, which were procured by my father. My sister also brought her some gruel and brandy. My mother was always sick after she had eaten anything. When she died, my father, sister and myself were in the cellar; she was lying on the mattress before the fire. No one was called in at her death; and my father got all that he could for my mother.

Edward Sibbit, surgeon, recalled - I am still of the same opinion relative to the cause of death. The pain in her inside was caused, no doubt, by the gastric juice acting on the coat of her stomach, which was also the cause of the rejection of the food stated to have been given to deceased during her illness, and which food was highly improper for her state.

The whole of the evidence having been adduced, the summing up by the Coroner was proceeded with, and the jury, after a brief deliberation, returned the following verdict:- "That the deceased died from natural causes, accelerated by the want of proper sustenance and necessaries."

 

 

Dryland perhaps the last of the keepers here. There were signs of disquiet between 1882 and 1885 when under Dryland. It was the intention of somebody to seek a new licence that year but the application was withdrawn, although I do have the name John Powell for 1887 as mentioned in the Dover Express.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, Saturday 7 July, 1860.

Infringement Public House License.

William Escott, landlord of the Good Intent, was summoned for infringing his license on the 1st. inst. He was fined 10s and 10s costs, which he paid. 1860.

 

Information kindly supplied by Joyce Banks.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 17 January, 1873.

DRUNKENNESS

Charles Cork, a fishmonger, was charged with being drunk and disorderly and causing an obstruction of the footway in Queen Street, and with wilfully breaking two panes of glass, the property of the landlord of the “Good Intent.”

Police-constable Corrie said he found the defendant in Queen Street at about a quarter to twelve on the previous night, with only his shirt and trousers on him. He behaved in a very disorderly manner, and broke two windows of the “Good Intent.” Witness ultimately took him into custody.

The Magistrates, considering that this was the eighth time defendant had been brought up for drunkenness, fined him 20s. and costs; in default, fourteen days' imprisonment.

Defendant went to prison.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 9 October, 1885.

STEALING BOOTS

John Ratcliff, who bore the appearance of being a loafer, was charged with stealing a pair of boots, value 3s., from a lodge at Hougham, the property of the prosecutor.

Joseph George Seath, living at 14, Beach Street, said: I work for Mr. Piker, Clarendon Place. The pair of boots produced are my property. I last saw them on Monday morning, the 28th September. They were in a piggery at Elms Vale. I saw the defendant on the same morning going up Sydney Terrace, by the Folkestone Road. He had a ferret coming out of his pocket. He also had a bag on his back, which appeared to be about three-parts full. I went to the piggeries again about two o'clock, and found the boots missing. I also missed three ferrets, and found two since. They were kept in a cage at the piggeries, but could not get out. I told my master about the occurrence, and then gave information to the police. The value of the boots is 3s. The ferret I saw in defendant's pocket corresponded to the colour of one my master lost.

Edward Martin Gilbert Cook, living at Christ Church steps, said: I saw the defendant on the day in question about half-past eleven. He was coming from the direct of Priory Farm. Defendant was about 100 yards from Mr. Piker;s piggeries when I first saw him. He had a bag on his back, which seemed to be about half full. I do not know what was in it.

Police-constable Ross, instructing constable, stationed at Alkham, said: From information received I went to the “Good Intent” lodging house, Queen Street, in the company of the first witness. I told the landlord I had come respecting a pair of boots, which had been stolen from Hougham piggeries. I then searched the house with his consent. I found the boots in the tap-room under a table in the corner of the room. I showed them to prosecutor and he identified them as his property. I then took possession of the boots.

John Powell, landlord of the “Good Intent,” Queen Street, said: the defendant has been lodging at my house. He came on the 25th of September, and stopped four nights I believe. The police came to my house on the 28th respecting a pair of boots. Defendant came in about half past 10 o'clock. I told him the police had been about a pair of boots. Defendant said he knew nothing about them and went to bed. He said he had an old pair given to him that morning. I did not know who the boots belonged to.

Police-constable Pack, stationed at Ewell, said: From information received yesterday I proceeded to Faversham, and found the defendant being detained there. I charged him with stealing a pair of boots on the 28th of September from a lodge at Hougham. He said “I did not take them from there.” I then brought him to Dover.

The defendant was remanded until Thursday next at the Dover Division of the Wingham Petty Sessions.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 27 May, 1887. Price 1d.

ASSAULT

Caroline Harding, who appeared in the dock with a baby in her arms, was charged with breaking a pane of glass at the “Good Intent,” and also with assaulting the complainant.

John Powell, landlord of the “Good Intent” public house, Queen Street, a common lodging house, said: The prisoner was lodging at my house about a fortnight ago. She came in about a quarter past three yesterday afternoon and asked for lodgings. I told her that on account of her language on a previous night I could not take her in again. She then turned round to me and making use of very foul language, struck me. Afterwards she put her fist through a pane of glass. The amount of damage done is 9d. I then went for a Policeman and gave her into custody.

Prisoner was fined, including costs, 10s. 3d., but in default she was sentenced to seven days' imprisonment.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, June 1888, Price 1d.

IMPROVEMENTS IN QUEEN STREET

The following tenders were received of Friday last for "additions and alterations to warehouse premises in Queen Street for Sir Richard Dickeson and Company":- H. Richardson, £1,348; W. Bromley £1225; W. J. Adcock, £1270; H. Stiff, £1225; W. J. Dowle,£1197 12s. (accepted). The new buildings will consist of additional warehouses which will take place of the old "Good Intent" public-house and the house adjoining. The alterations will effect a very great public improvement and will clear away a place which had been regarded for a long time past as a nuisance to the neighbourhood. Sir Richard Dickeson and Company's premises will now comprise the entire block of buildings.

Mr. E. W. Fry is the architect.

 

LICENSEE LIST

EPPS Leonard 1837 (Kent Directory)

MATE William 1832-39+ Pigot's Directory 1832-34Pigot's Directory 1839

HART William 1840-51+ Pigot's Directory 1840Bagshaw's Directory 1847 Next pub licensee had

HART George 1852

HUDSON George 1852

ESCOTT William 1854-64+ (Melville's 1858 ESCALT)Dover Express

ESCOTT Sarah 1874+ Post Office Directory 1874

COOMBES Richard to Jul/1880 Dover Express

GODFREY Henry James Jul/1880+ Dover Express (of Barnes coachman)

DRYLAND Edward 1882-85 Post Office Directory 1882

POWELL John 1885-87 Dover Express

 

Stuart Kinnon emails to say:- William Hart was at the Good Intent in 1851 according to the census, he then married a butchers daughter and left the pub. In the 1861 census it says he was a carpenter although he was still married to the butchers daughter and they had a shop in Biggin Street. He died in 1862. Further information says he had a son called William Gilbert Hart who was also licensee of many pubs, starting with the "True Blue" in 1865.

 

Pigot's Directory 1832-34From the Pigot's Directory 1832-33-34

Pigot's Directory 1839From the Pigot's Directory 1839

Pigot's Directory 1840From the Pigot's Directory 1840

Bagshaw's Directory 1847From Bagshaw Directory 1847

Melville's 1858From Melville's Directory 1858

Post Office Directory 1874From the Post Office Directory 1874

Post Office Directory 1882From the Post Office Directory 1882

Dover ExpressFrom the Dover Express

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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