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Notes of 1830


From Perry's Bankrupt Gazette 20 February 1830.


McGuckin, Hugh, of Ightham, Kent, farmer and victualler.

(No name of pub found yet.)


South Eastern Gazette, 20 April 1830.

We understand that Petitions are preparing in all parts of the country against the threatened alteration of the alehouse licensing system. Deputations are in town from the distillers endeavoring to prevail the augmentations of the duty on spirits, but we have no doubt that the die is cast, beer will be rendered cheaper, and spirits dearer, - perhaps eventually for the benefit of the public, and most certainly; to the injury of the persons at present engaged in the Beer trade. Whether the alterations will improve the quality of the beer sold, is rather problematical; and an Advertisement, which appeared in a London Paper of last week, expressed an opinion too common, we fear, among those ingenious gentleman who live by trying to poison other people. The following is the advertisement, omitting names.

"Free Trade un Beer."

As persons to be licensed under the intended New Act will enjoy peculiar facilities for improving their beer * *****, Foreman at an extensive Chymical Manufactory near London, announces his intentions of Opening, early in October, a Warehouse in a Central Situation. From the great experience * * has had in the house of his Employers he may venture confidently to assure his Friends and the Public that he can render them essential service. The strictural secrecy may be relied upon."

This notification maybe a ruse on the part of the opponents of the free trade; but whether it be so or not, there will be much danger of beer being more generally adulterated than it is it now is. The legislature will endeavour to guard against the evil, but it is to be feared that it will set an ordinary surcillance at defiance.


South Eastern Gazette, 20 April 1830.

Sale of beer.

Abstract of the principal provisions of a Bill to permit the general Sale of Beer by Retail in England.

Claus 1. Consis that all persons licensed under this act they sell beer by retail.

2. Parties desirous of retailing beer shall take out licence. Licences to be granted in London for the Commissioners of Excise, &c., elsewhere in England by the Collector of Excise. The power of the licence to be hereafter determined. No licence shall be granted to sheriff's officer.

3. Licence duty shall be under the management of the Commissioners of Excise, and carried to the consolidated fund.

4. Persons already licensed to retail beer to any time beyond 10th October might have license under this act on paying balance of the amount of duty so as not to exceed in the whole a sum to be hereafter determined. Person who, previous to 5th April, 1830, had taken out licence liable to 1 1s. duty shall pay only 1 1s. for the licence under this act; but to be applicable only to the house formerly licence.

5. Persons licensed to retail beer shall cause to be painted in letters one in at least in length, in white upon a black ground, or in black upon a white ground, publicly legible, upon a board, to be placed over the door of the house in which such persons shall be licensed to sell beer by retail, the Christian and surname of the person mentioned in such licence at full length, together with the words, "Licence to sell beer by retail," and every such person shall preserve and keep up such same and words so painted during all the time that such persons shall continue so licensed, upon pain that every person in any respect making default therein shall forfeit and pay for every such offence the sum of 10.

6. Persons licensed shall not sell beer after the expiration of licence. Licence may be renewed yearly. Penalty on selling without licence from 10 to 20, at the discretion of the Justice's of the Peace.

7. Provision for partners. Licence shall not extend to any other house.

8. House to be closed by order of Justice's in cases of riot, &c.

9. Licensed persons to use standard measures in sale of liquor, under the penalty of 40s. and costs.

10. Penalty of from 2 to 5 for first offence on retailers permitting drunkenness &c., in their houses, for second offence, 5 to 10, third offence, from 10 to 20, and incapacitated to sell for two years, and of the house not to be licensed. Penalty on mixing drugs in beer, or deteriorating beer, from 10 to 20 for first offence; for second offence, incapacity to sell, and penalty 20 to 50. Penalty on selling during incapacity, from 20 to 50. Penalty on selling in premises incapacitated, to be hereafter determined.

11. Penalties recoverable before two Justice's in Petty Sessions, within three months after offence committed.

12. Admits of appeal to the Quarter Sessions. Recognazance are the convicted party appealing. Recognizance by the party occupying. Trial to be at Quarter Sessions. Penalty on verdict of guilty 100, or to adjudge the licence granted to and held by or on behalf of such offender to be fortified and void, or to punish such offender by such as aforesaid, and to adjudge such licence to be forfeited and void; and, if such licence shall be adjudged to be forfeited and void, it shall thereforth be void accordingly.

13. Proceedings at the Sessions in certain cases to be carried on by the petty constable. Expenses of the prosecutions to be charged on county rates.

14. Penalty of 10 on witnesses not attending.

15. Devices how penalties are to be levied.

16. Penalties to be applied to the use of the poor of the parish.

17. When in liberty's, &c., two Justice's do not attend, the county justices may act.

18. Powers hereby given to the justice's of the county not to extend to the cinque ports. 19. Act not to affect the two universities, nor the Vintners' Company in London; nor any law of exercise; nor to prohibit the sale of beer at fairs in certain cases.

20. Contains rules for the interpretations of this act.


Morning Advertiser, Thursday 22 July 1830.

To the Licensed Victuallers and the Public at Large.

In consequence of the recent Act of Parliament, commonly called the Beer Act, being likely to interfere most materially with your interests, it has become a matter of serious consideration with several of your body how to counteract and evil effects which may be feared will arise from it, and it has, therefore, been proposed, by several independent Licensed Victuallers and others, to form a Company, to be entitled "THE LICENSED VICTUALLERS' AND GENERAL ASSOCIATION BREWERY," to be under the direction and management of the most practical Members of the Association, for the production of a Genuine Beer, from Malt and Hops only, more nutritious and sanitary than that which has hitherto been generally offered to the public; upon terms equally equitable to the public and remunerative to the proprietors, and upon a fair competition with the oldest and most extensive establishments now known. To carry this object into full and immediate effect, a Public Meeting will be called in a few days, of which early notice will be given by advertisement. In the mean time, further information, with a Prospectus, may be had, after the 22nd inst., of C. Rist, No. 4, St. Peter's alley, Cornhill.


From the Maidstone Gazette and West Kent Courier, 17, August, 1830.

The New Beer Act.

We beg to remind those who are about to open an Alehouse, under the preventions of this Act, that it imposes an unmitigating penalty of 20 upon every person retailing wine and spirits, having a license only under the said Law.


From the Maidstone Gazette and West Kent Courier, 21, September, 1830.

The New Beer Bill.

In answer to the correspondent, we beg to state, that any brewer of beer for sale, or dealer in beer, on obtaining a license paramount to the I.W.4, c.64 (the New Beer Bill), may become a retailer of beer, according to that act. The only person prohibited from receiving such licenses being sheriff's officers, officers executing the legal process of any court of justice, persons not being housekeepers assessed in the poor-rates, and persons disqualified by offending against the provisions of that Act.


From the Maidstone Gazette and West Kent Courier, 21, September, 1830.


At the Artillery Barracks, Chatham, at Deal and Newcastle-Upon-Tyne; also at Fort Regent and Elizabeth Castle, Jersey.

Office of Ordnance, 13th Sept, 1830.

Notice is hereby given that the "Canteens" in the above mentioned Barracks are To Be Let, upon the following conditions, for Three Years, from the 30th instant, to the 29th September, 1833.

No person but of exceptional character, nor any person for more than one "Canteen," or who will not undertake, bonafide, to reside in the "Canteen," and conduct their business thereof in his own person, will be approved; and two sureties will be required for the regular payment of the rent, and all sums which may become due in respect of the said "Canteen," and for the due performance of the several conditions and stipulations of the Lease.

The Person whose Proposal shall be accepted, and his Sureties, must execute the Indenture of Lease and Conenan's relating thereto, the particulars whereof may be known by applying to this Office, or to the Barrack Masters at the several Barracks.

The names of two respectable Persons, with their Christian Names, Professions, and Places of Abode, who will join the Tennant in receiving the indenture at his Sureties must be inserted in the Proposals; and the Tenant is to pay half the value for the Stamps, and the Ordnance Department does not undertake to procure the Tenant and Licence.

Sealed Proposals addressed to the Secretary of the Board of Ordnance, London, with the words "Tender for Canteen," written on the outside cover, will be received at this Office on or before 12 o'clock at Noon of Monday the 27th instant, after which hour any proposals received cannot be noticed.

By the Mutiny Act, Canteens are not liable to have Troops billeted on them.

All Persons making Tenders for "Canteens," are to take notice, that they will be held to the strict Performance of the Covenants of their Leases and full Payment of their Rents, without any remission or reduction further than the Covenants of the Lease itself set forth.

The Form of the Tender to be as follows:-

I hereby offer for the "Canteen" in the Barracks at for Three Years, from the 30th September instant, the Rent of ....... Pounds, per Annum, for the House as a Dwelling, and farther Rent of ........ per Month, for every Ten Non-Commissioned Officers and Private Soldiers who may occupy the Barracks during that period, and propose Mr. ......... of .......... and Mr. .......... of ............. as my Sureties for the same.

The Rents of the "Canteens" as Dwellings are to be proposed at the Sums stated opposite to each in the following List. therefore the Buildings will be upon what is offered for every 10 Men occupying the Barracks. This number will be ascertained from the Barrack Master's Monthly Returns, which are made up on the 1st day of every Month; and no changes in the occupation of the Barrack which may take place in the progress of the Month, either for, or against the Tenant, will be taken into account. No less number than Ten will be charged against the Tenant, now will any odd number be calculated; thus if the Barrack would be occupied by 148 Men on the first day of the Month, only 140 will be calculated for that Month.

The Bidders are also desired to introduce no fractional parts of a penny in their offers as they will not be notified; nor will any Tenders be noticed except such as are strictly according to the above form.

Chatham Artillery 20

Newcastle 20

Fort Regent 20

Deal 10

Elizabeth Castle 10


From the Maidstone Gazette and West Kent Courier, 28, September, 1830.

The New Beer Act.

As the time is fast approaching when this Act will come into operation, we beg to caution those persons, who are about to engage in "the beer trade," against the risks which they are likely to encounter in their new undertaking. We understand that several of the large brewing establishments in London intend to form depot in Maidstone, where porter is to be sold at a price, below that to which the retailers can afford, with a living profit, to sell to their customers. This sinister speculation the London gentlemen will continue until the market is completely glutted with the beverage; in consequence of which they expect to clear the field of competition, and thus to counteract the benevolent intentions of Mr. Goulburn, who designated the act as the magna charta of the rights of the porter-drinkers in England. We here by the London papers that the publicans in the metropolis, anticipating the opposition they are likely to meet with after the 10th of next month, have commenced selling their porter at 3d per quart.


From the Kentish Gazette 12 October 1830


“In addition to 70 inns and alehouses in Dover, upwards of 30 new houses were opened yesterday in that town under the retail beer act.”


From the Maidstone Gazette and East Kent Courier, 12 October, 1830.

The Beer Trade.

The new and popular act for opening a free trade in beer, so much converted by the labouring classes, came into operation yesterday.

At an early hour in the morning the Excise Offices entered the different breweries, and proceeded with all due formalities to unlock the bonded beer, and to throw open the stores for the transference of the untaxed beverage to the cellars of the publicans.

The large brewing establishment of Messrs. Brenchley, Stacey and Wise by the gallant show on this occasion. Nearly sixty wagons and drays, drawn by 200 horses, and loaded with a thousand barrels of the "brown blood of the barley" left the premises yesterday morning.

The "beer-shops," which have been fitted up in different quarters of the town, opened with the dawn of the day to enable the disciples of Sir John Barleycorn to celebrate the event with suitable rejoicing.

At some of these shops strong beer was retailed at the low rate of three pence half-penny per pot; but the general price was four pence - making a deduction of one penny upon the monopoly price!

So much for Mr Goldberg's free trade bill.


From the Maidstone Gazette and East Kent Courier, 19 October, 1830.

The New Beer Bill.

Upwards of 3,000 applications have been made to the Excise office for licences under the new act, and the number is daily increasing. It would appear, however, that public house property is not so much deteriorated as has been stated. The lease for ten years and a half of the "Crown and Cushion," Marsh-gate, Lambeth, subject to 50 rent per annum, has been sold at Garraways for 1,110. A great number of information's have recently been laid against victuallers for adulterating their beer, and heavy penalties have been paid into the Excise department.

Morning Paper.