DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Sort file:- Canterbury, July, 2020.

Page Updated:- Friday, 31 July, 2020.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton & Rory Kehoe

Earliest 1866-

Unity Inn

Latest 1930+

21 Palace Street

Canterbury

Unity 1897

Above photo, circa 1897, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe,

Unity 1930

Above photo, circa 1930, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Canterbury map 1874

Above 1874 map identification by Rory Kehoe.

Unity Inn drawing 1972

Above print from "City of Canterbury Streets and Buildings," drawing by John Berbiers. 4 June 1972.

Former Unity Inn 2009

Above image from Google, July 2009.

Unity 2017

Above photo taken September 2017 by Rory Kehoe.

Unity gas light globe

Above photo, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe, who tells me this was the gas light globe that used to hang outside the pub in the early 1900's.

 

In 1838 the premises was used by Hanry Billiter who was a leather cutter. I also have reference to a Nathaniel Lazarus who was a silversmith and clothier at the same address, but no date.

 

Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette, 2 May 1896.

The Same Old Tale.

William Henry Fogarty was summoned to show cause why he should not be bound over to keep the peace towards his wife.

Mr. H. Broughton appeared for complainant, the licence holder of the "Unity Inn" Palace Street, who stated that on Friday last defendant came home drunk about 5:30. During the morning he took away a sovereign from a desk in the room behind the bar. When he came home she asked him for the money and he replied "If you ask again I will murder you." At the same time he struck her in the side with his fists, and pushed her into the kitchen.

Mrs. Manning a neighbour, opened the door and said "Mind, he has a knife in his hand."

Defendant then desisted, and witness heard something drop. She had previously seen the knife up his  sleeve. She sent for the police.

Last Sunday week 12th April, he threatened to smash her brains in.

Two sappers of the Royal Engineers came in to her rescue. He had threatened to murder the children and himself. She had been married 7 years and had two little girls. She was afraid defendant would do her some bodily harm.

By Mr. Mason:- This had been going on for two years, but it was not till lately he had threatened her with Knives.

Mr. Mason said it seemed to be a case that aught to come under the new Act, and a charge of assault against defendant.

Mr. Broughton said he was not consulted until the summons was taken out, or he should have advised complainant to charge him with an assault.

By defendant:- She asked him for the sovereign and he said "If you ask again I will murder you."

Defendant said he was drunk and told his wife that if she would persist in asking for the money he would make himself more drunk, which she did.

Mrs. Jane Mills, widow, residing with complainant, who has her daughter, stated that defendant threw three glasses and a quart pot at her. He also threatened to dash her brains out.

Henry Sergeant, sapper in the Royal Engineers Corps stationed at Canterbury, stated that on the 12th April, about 12:05 p.m., he was called into the "Unity Inn." He saw defendant there with two knives in his hand trying to cut his throat. Witnessed tackled him and took the knives away. He was slightly cut in doing so.

Henry Hutton, another sapper, who was with the last witness, corroborated.

Defendant pleaded guilty to the threatening, but said he was always in drink and a temper when he did it. If he had left the drink alone he should not have done it, but he could not make the resolution to do so. He agreed mutually with his wife to separate if she would take the children, but she would not have them. He was willing to part from her, and would leave Canterbury in a few days and go to his own home.

The Chairman said defendant would be bound over in the sum of 20, and two sureties of 20 each, to be of good behaviour for 6-months; in default of his doing so he would have to go to prison for 2 months. He would only have to pay the costs, 14s, or in default an extra 7-days.

The money was paid by a friend.

 

From the Whitstable Times, 6 January 1900. Price 1d.

DEATH FROM CONVULSIONS.

The Canterbury Coroner (Dr. F. S. Johnson) held an inquest on Saturday morning, at the “Unity Inn,” Palace Street, on the body of Thomas May, the illegitimate child of Sarah May, of 4 Cobden Place.

The mother stated that deceased was 11 weeks. It was delicate from birth, and was taken ill on Wednesday morning at 6.15. Noticing the child looked funny she took it in her arms. It gave two little groans, and then expired.

Susannah Hitchcock gave similar evidence, and said that she had looked after the child from the time it was five weeks old.

Mr. J. Greasley, surgeon deposed that on Wednesday last he was called to see deceased, who was said to be dead. About half past six the mother came and he referred her to the Coroner's officer, as he could do nothing for a dead child. On Thursday he made a careful external examination of the body, and was satisfied that deceased had then been properly nourished and looked after. There were no marks of violence. He was of opinion that the child had one or more convulsions, and that death was due to that cause.

The Jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence.

 

From the Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, 4 May, 1867. Price 1d.

EVADING THE CITY TOLLS.

Mr. Thomas Dalby Reeve, a lemonade and soda water manufacturer, of Margate, was summoned for refusing to pay a toll of 1s. for a cart used for the purpose of hawking lemonade and soda water about the City. Mr. Delasaux again appeared for Mr. Solomon, and called John Goulden who said:- I am a licensed victualler of this city, and am landlord of the “Unity Inn,” Palace-street. On the 15th of April Mr. Reeve's servant came to my home, and asked me if I had any orders to give. I told him I wanted some ginger beer. He said he had not got any with him, and so I did not have any. I believe the man came in a waggon, but I did not see any. I told him to bring some ginger beer the next day he came.

Cross-examined by Mr. Reeve:- You have supplied me with ginger beer for some months. I am one of your regular customers, and have always paid for what I had when I received it, and have had a receipted bill, except on one occasion when I did not pay.

Cross-examined by Mr. Delasaux:- I buy the things at the door. I told the man to call at my house every time he came in.

The Mayor:- There is no doubt that witness is a regular customer of defendant's.

Mr. Reeve, who conducted his own case, said he was charged with hawking lemonade, &c., in a cart on a certain day, and there had been no evidence adduced to prove that he had even been seen in the cart. Under the 133rd section of the Public Health Act it was authorised that the Local Board should appoint some person to collect the tolls, and to have the Bye Laws, by which the market was regulated, hung up in each market. He did not know who was the collector, and he had not seen the Bye Laws hung up in the market.

Mr. Delasaux said he thought everyone knew Mr. Solomon was the collector.

Mr. Reeve contended that it had not been legally shown in evidence that Mr. Solomon was the collector.

Mr. Delasaux said that was unnecessary.

The Mayor then announced that the Magistrates found the case not proved, and they would, therefore dismiss it.

Mr. Reeve was then charged with refusing to pay a toll on the 18th inst.

Mr. Delasaux was about to produce the Bye Laws, when Mr. Reeve said he would admit them; to spare the time of the Magistrates.

Mr. Delasaux, however, insisted on producing them.

James Knowler said:- I produce the original Bye Laws, which have been hung up in the Local Board office. I am witness to that fact, and also to Mr. Solomon being the lessee of the tolls for the city and borough.

Cross-examined by Mr. Reeve:- I remember your coming to our office on Monday, April 15th, and asking for the Bye Laws, which were on a board standing near the door. There are several other Bye Laws there. The Town Clerk transacts his business as Town Clerk, and also his business as Clerk to the Local Board in that office.

Cross-examined by Mr. Delasaux:- The Bye Lawn were hung up on the 15th of April, and have been hanging up ever since in the office.

Mr. Martin:- Do you hare your letters or documents addressed to the office of the Board, or to Mr. Flint, at his private residence?

Witness:- Any letter relating to the Local Board business, is directed to the Local Board of Health office.

John Tomlin said:- I am a dealer in fish, and reside in Canterbury. I remember last Thursday, the 18th inst., when I saw defendant's servant with a waggon in St Margaret's Street I know the waggon belongs to Mr. Reeve. It was about one o'clock in the afternoon. I saw defendant draw up in front of the “Freemason's Tavern.” I saw the barmaid come out, and the man in the cart said “Do you want anything to day?” She said “I will go and see.” She then went and asked the landlord, and returned again almost directly, and said “Not to day.”

Mr. Reeve admitted refusing to pay the toll when demanded to do so by Mr. Solomon. He contended that in the indictment he was changed with hawking. He said that Dr. Walker's definition of hawking was to sell by proclamation in the streets. Ha was not in the habit of selling by proclamation in the streets. He then called John Nethersole, who said he was in the employ of Messrs. Reeve and Co., at Margate. He travelled with their waggon, and called on their regular customers by their (Messrs. Reeve and Co's) orders. He remembered going to the “Freemason's Tavern” on the 18th inst. He there saw the last witness.

Cross examined by Mr. Delasaux:- I was ordered to call at the “Freemason's Tavern” on the 18th inst by the landlord. I asked the bar maid if there were any empty bottles or orders. The house has lately gone into different hands. I used to call on the previous landlord. He was one of our customers.

The Court was then cleared, and on the re-admission of the public. The Mayor said:- The Magistrates are divided on the subject, and, therefore, have come to no decision.

Mr. Solomon then said he should take out another summons against Mr. Reeve for the last case, and also one for refusing to pay on that day.

 

From the Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 9 March 1901. Price 1d.

AN INFANTS SUDDEN DEATH.

The City Coroner (Dr. T. S. Johnson) held an inquest at the “Unity Inn,” Palace Street, Canterbury; on Saturday, touching the death of an illegitimate child of Esther Nye. Esther Nye, the mother, stated that she was the widow of William Nye, a carter. She took the deceased to bed on Thursday night and on the following morning about twenty minutes to eight the child became very black round the mouth. Witness got out of bed and called in her neighbour, Mrs. Desborough, to look at the child. She said it was dead. The child was five weeks old. It was not registered nor baptised.

The Coroner said it was a case of barbarism.

Anna Maria Desborongh, living at Cobden Place, Canterbury, wife of Edward Desborough, a cab driver in London, stated that she was called in to see the deceased on the morning in question. She went in and found the child dead. Witness then went for Mr. Wacher.

Mr. Frank Wacher, surgeon, stated that he was called to see the deceased and on his arrival he found it dead. There were no external marks of violence. The deceased was very blue about the mouth. Death was due to convulsions.

The jury returned a verdict of Death from Natural Causes.

 

From the Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, Saturday 19 February 1916.

A LICENSEE SUMMONED.

At the Canterbury Police Court on Friday Miss Grace Wood, the licensee of the "Unity Inn," Palace Street, was summoned for permitting drunkenness on her premises on January 22nd. The case arose out of the conviction of a man named Haddlestone for being found drunk at the "Unity." Mr. R. H. Arrowsmith appeared for the defendant, who in the witness box stated that there was nothing in the behaviour of Huddlestone, as he sat in the saloon, to draw her attention to him. And he did not come into the bar. Trooper P. Downman, of the East Kent Yeomanry, and Trooper F. Smith, of the 3rd Cavalry Reserve, both stated that there was nothing in the behaviour of Huddlestone to make one think that he was drunk.

The Bench dismissed the case.

 

LICENSEE LIST

GOULDEN F Sept/1866+ Canterbury Journal

GOULDEN J 1868+ Greens Canterbury Directory 1868

JONES Charles 1874+ Post Office Directory 1874

SIBLEY Charles 1881-82+ CensusPost Office Directory 1882

LEACH Mrs Clara 1891+ Post Office Directory 1891

Last pub licensee had DOBSON William Next pub licensee had 1895

FOGARTY Mrs 1896+

SETTERFIELD Henry J 1901-03+ (age 55 in 1901Census) Post Office Directory 1903Historic Canterbury web site

PRUDEN Mrs Mary 1913+ Post Office Directory 1913

WOOD Mrs Grace 1916-22+ Post Office Directory 1922

BAKER Henry 1930+ Post Office Directory 1930

https://pubwiki.co.uk/UnityInn.shtml

 

Canterbury JournalCanterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette

Greens Canterbury Directory 1868Greens Canterbury Directory 1868

Post Office Directory 1874From the Post Office Directory 1874

CensusCensus

Post Office Directory 1882From the Post Office Directory 1882

Post Office Directory 1891From the Post Office Directory 1891

Post Office Directory 1903From the Post Office Directory 1903

Post Office Directory 1913From the Post Office Directory 1913

Post Office Directory 1922From the Post Office Directory 1922

Post Office Directory 1930From the Post Office Directory 1930

Historic Canterbury web siteHistoric Canterbury web site www.machadoink.com

CensusCensus

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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LINK to www.pubwiki.co.uk