DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Sort file:- Strood, October, 2019.

Page Updated:- Sunday, 13 October, 2019.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton

Earliest 1828-

Bull's Head

Latest 1873

(Name to)

Closed 2009

2 London Road / Gun Lane

Strood

Above photo 1870, by permission of http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk. This original building was demolished around about 1873 and replaced by another building that went under the name of the "Mid Kent Hotel" but changed back to the "Bull" again in 1946.

Brull's Head sign 1990

Above sign 1990.

With thanks from Brian Curtis www.innsignsociety.com.

Former Bull's Head 2012

Above image from Google, May 2012.

Former Bull's Head 2014

Above image from Google, May 2014.

 

In 1869-70 the pub was part of a consortium who were advertising their goods of selling tea in response to grocers' selling beer and wine. (Click for further details.)

 

http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk states that the original pub dated 1870 approx in the top photo was called the "Mid Kent Hotel" for a short time. In actual fact Couchman's notes state:- "Mid Kent Hotel" (formerly 1844-1873 and again from 1946. The "Bull's Head Hotel") no. 2 London Road" which I have confirmed as correct referring to Kellys and the census returns. So it was the "Mid Kent Hotel" for 73 years.

The original was Bull Head Inn (no 's' so probably more grammatically correct,) although Pigot's Directory of 1828 seems to have got the 's' back again.

 

Kentish Weekly Post or Canterbury Journal 21 June 1822.

Lieutenant William Hopwood, on the half-pay of the Army, aged 35 years, died suddenly in the street a short distance from the "Bull's Head," in Strood, on Thursday, and was taken to the Workhouse. It appears he had left his home, in King-street, Troy Town, in the morning, in apparent health, for the purpose of taking a walk, and signified his intention of returning with something for dinner. The deceased was subject to fits.

 

From http://www.medwaymemories.co.uk From the Times, 21 January 1837.

How one pauper died: starving in Strood.

Premature death, disease, starvation, poverty. Contrary to the many rosy tales of a better life in the past, not all was good. The lives of many Medway people in the 19th century were tough and dull. In some cases they were heart-wrenchingly appalling.

Take this inquest report, which I found in The Times newspaper of 21 January, 1837. It is a tragic tale of a trader with connections among the highest in the land who fell on times. How, we shall never know, for he took his secret to a pauper's grave. The narrative style of the report cannot disguise the awful facts. Here was a man who, at the height of the Industrial Revolution, starved to death in Strood.

The inquest, by Rochester coroner Mr Patten, was held in the boardroom of the North Aylesford Union workhouse, Strood. The dead man was Thomas Burton, said to be aged about 65.

First to give evidence was Charles Dean, watchman for the parish of Strood. “On Sunday night last, about half-past 11 o'clock, I was told by a coachman of one of the Dover coaches that a person was lying in the road, and was in danger being run over,” he said.

“I went up Strood Hill and met [Burton] coming down. He staggered in his walk, and I thought he was intoxicated. I led him part of the way down the hill. I asked turn where he was going; he said, to Strood; he had come from Cobham.”

THOMAS BURTON WAS FIRST TAKEN TO THE BULL'S HEAD

The watchman then left him, but later found Burton lying in the road again, so he and a colleague took him to the stables of the nearby "Bull's Head," where they made him warm in the straw.

Burton's condition, however, was deteriorating and James Vine, relieving officer of the union workhouse, was called. At first, Vine said, he thought Burton was drunk, but soon changed his mind. This man was terribly ill and he agreed to move him into the workhouse.

A medical man also attended. Robert Rogers — his role is unclear, but he appears to have been a doctor's assistant — told the inquest: “I gave directions that he was to be put into a warm bed, and to have a pint of strong beef tea, and a tablespoonful of brandy every two hours, and not to be put into a warm bath, or anything done which was likely to exhaust him.”

Vine added: “I rang up … and procured the workhouse chair.” (In these pre-telephone days, Vine must have meant that he rang a bell and issued orders). “He was then removed to the workhouse, where every attention was paid to him.”

A wash – but why on earth didn't they feed him?

But it was not enough, as an inmate, Susannah Hayler, explained. She said: “Early on Monday morning last the deceased was brought. He was in a very filthy state and I was employed to wash him. I used warm water. I had washed his face and neck, and while washing his arms he died. He did not speak at all.”

Joshua Hunt, master of the workhouse, added: “We placed him by the fire in the hall, and I was ordered to get him some brandy-and-water and some gruel; in the meantime he was being washed, and died in about half an hour after his admission. There was no money found on his person.”

A pocket-book, however, was found in his hat. It contained “various memoranda of the addresses of some of the nobility, and other persons of high rank, to whom the deceased had applied for pecuniary assistance”.

Among the papers was a card for Thomas Burton, timber merchant, some pawnbrokers' tickets, pledged in London, an account of timber cut on an estate in 1787, and a letter from Lord Cornwallis: “For the last time,” it said, “you may call upon Messrs Hoare's [presumably his lordship's legal representatives] for a sovereign.”

Another envelope, although found without letter, came from the Earl of Jersey. So this man indeed had connections in high places. But he still starved to death.

The union's medical officer, William Stephenson, spelt out the dreadful conclusion after conducting a post-mortem examination: “On opening the chest I found the heart, lungs and every other viscera of the chest perfectly healthy — indeed unusually so for a person of the deceased's age.

“The stomach was distended with air, but perfectly empty, there being no particle of food in it, nor in the intestinal canal. I am of opinion the deceased died from cold and starvation.”

Horrible, isn't it?

 

Maidstone Telegraph. 5 June 1869.

Robbery by a Youth.

Henry Wilson, a respectably dressed youth, was placed in the dock on a charge of stealing three wheels, two springs, and an axle tree, part of a perambulator, the property of Mr. Henry Tranah, landlord, of the "Bulls Head Inn," Strood, on Wednesday, the 20th inst.

The prisoner's father appeared in court, and evidently felt his son's condition deeply, as he had resided in the locality for the last 30 years, and bore a most respectable character.

Mrs. Hannah Tranah, wife of the prosecutor, said she saw the three wheels, two springs, and axle tree produce, safe in the backyard of her husband's premises on the previous Sunday or Monday. On Wednesday morning she missed them. They were worth about 15s.

P.C. Fishlock, said he went to the prisoner's father's premises, Gun Lane, Strood, on Wednesday evening last, and found the wheels, springs, and axle tree produce, fresh painted. On the prisoner being called, witness asked him where he had got them from, and he said he bought of Mr. Young, a turner. Witness said he should take him to Mr. Young's, to see if his statement was correct, and the prisoner then acknowledged that he had taken the property from Mr. Tranah's.

The prisoner pleaded guilty.

Mr. Colyer, by whom the prisoner had been employed, said he never knew anything dishonest against him before, but he was frequently troublesome in regard to matters of work.

The Magistrate sentenced the prisoner to one calendar month's hard labour at the house of correction at Maidstone, the Mayor expressing a hope that this would be a caution to the boy for the future.

 

I am informed that the pub closed in 2009, following a rather chequered history when it kept shutting and opening again. Following its final closure it suffered one of those unexplained fires which nearly completely destroyed the building.

 

LICENSEE LIST

FREEMAN Richard 1828-32+ Pigot's Directory 1828-29Pigot's Directory 1832-34

TRANAH Arthur 1851+ (age 68 in 1851Census)

TRANAH Mary 1858+

TRANAH Henry 1861-71+ (age 38 in 1871Census)

http://www.pubshistory.com/BullsHead.shtml

http://www.closedpubs.co.uk/bullshead.html

 

Pigot's Directory 1828-29From the Pigot's Directory 1828-29

Pigot's Directory 1832-34From the Pigot's Directory 1832-33-34

CensusCensus

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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