43 St. James' Street
Standing on the corner with a lane leading to Townwall
Street and well established by 1847. Its early history is a mystery. We know
that John Head kept a "Crown" in 1791 but we have no address. Another traded
from Hawkesbury Street in 1823-26.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 1
CHARGE OF FELONY
Jane Campbell, the girl committed upon the previous day upon two
charges of felony, was brought up from the prison and charged with
stealing a dress and other articles, the property of Ann Pickering.
The prosecutrix, who was a prostitute, said she lived at the "Maxton
Arms," West Street, Deal. The prisoner has been lodging at the same
house for a few days. Last Friday night she missed from her bedroom a
dress, a skirt of a dress, and several other articles of wearing apparel
and pieces of jewellery, which she mentioned in detail. The prosecutrix
identified a dress and other articles produced by police-sergeant Smith
as her property. She last saw them on Friday night. The prisoner slept
in the same room as her, but left the house on Friday night. She missed
the things about three quarters or an hour after the prisoner had left.
She valued the stolen property at 16s.
Police-constable Smith said in consequence of information received he
went to the "Crown" public-house, St. James's Street, on Saturday night,
and as a result the landlady, Mrs. Fox, delivered to him a bundle left
there the previous day by the prisoner, and which contained the whole of
the articles now produced, with the exception of a brooch. He
subsequently went to the "Great Gun,"
public-house, Adrian Street, where a witness named Ovenden handed him a
brooch and a collar, saying that they had been given to her by the
prisoner. The landlady's daughter, a child of about five or six years of
age, also gave him a pair of ear-rings, produced, which she said she had
received from the prisoner. While in custody at the station-house upon
three other charges, the prisoner said the article were her property,
and the dress she had bought and paid for. He had not been able to
recover the whole of the articles stolen.
Elizabeth Fox, the landlady of the "Crown," said the prisoner came
into the bar of her house between three and four o'clock on Saturday
afternoon, and handing her a bundle asked her to take care of it for a
short time, at the same time saying she wished to some one would put a
top to the dress for her. A person in the bar offered to do so, and the
prisoner then gave her the dress produced, which she took away, but
brought it back again about five with the top on. It was then handed to
the prisoner, who shortly afterwards left the house. On the constable
calling upon witness in reference to the robbery, she searched for the
bundle, and found it in one of the top bedrooms. She did not open the
bundle, but handed it immediately to the police-officer. She did not see
the prisoner go upstairs.
Elizabeth Ovenden, living at the "Great Gun,"
Adrian Street, said the prisoner came into that house about ten o'clock
on Saturday morning, and asked witness if she could stop there. She told
her she did not know, and the prisoner then asked her to let her go
upstairs to wash. She allowed her to do so, and carried up a bundle
belonging to her. After washing herself the prisoner went into the
tap-room and stopped there until about two o'clock, when she went out,
taking with her a skirt of a dress. While in the tap-room the prisoner
opened her bundle, and witness saw in it several articles now produced,
with the exception of the dress. The prisoner gave her the brooch and
The prisoner: No, I lent it you because you were going out.
Examination continued: Witness afterwards delivered the brooch and
collar to the policeman.
The defendant in reply to the charge, said two collars found among
articles produced were her own property. All of the things did not
belong to her, but she did not steal the dress.
The prisoner was committed for trial upon this charge also. The
prisoner, it was stated, was convicted at this Court about two years
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 22
THE CROWN INN
Permission was granted to John Higgins to sell at the "Crown Inn," St
James's Street, until next transfer day.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday
17 February, 1866.
William Drew, an artilleryman of the 18th Brigade, charged with
wilfully breaking glass at the "Crown Tavern," St. James's Street, was
fined the amount of the damage and the costs, which he paid.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer,
14 September, 1866.
A fine of 22s. 6d. including costs was inflicted on the landlady of
the "Crown Inn," St. James's Street, for infringement of licenses.
The Magistrates determined to recommend the Excise authorities not to
grant a license to a refreshment house in Northampton Street, in respect
to which application had been made by Mr. Wiedman.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
10 April, 1868.
Mary Ann Webb was charged with assaulting Emma Ward. The parties
lived at the "Crown," in St. James's Street, and the quarrel was about a
soldier. "Of course," the complainant said, she had something to drink,
when the row took place; but she appeared to have been badly treated.
The statements of the two women were very conflicting, and the case was
immediately adjourned till Monday, for the presence of witnesses.
In the case of Mary Ann Webb, an unfortunate, summoned for an assault
on another of the frail sisterhood named Emma Wood, a witness was
The case was before the Magistrates on Friday, when it transpired
that the circumstances out of which the assault was alleged to have
arisen had reference to a soldier about whom the woman quarrelled.
Words led to blows on the part of the defendant, and the complainant
received a black eye and some contusions on the upper part of her
person. The statement of the parties when the matter was first before
the Magistrates were very conflicting, and it was found impossible to
reconcile them. The complainant stated that she was deliberately struck
by the defendant, whereas the defendant represented that the complainant
was so much inebriated that she fell from a chair and so inflicted the
injuries upon herself.
Mrs. Elizabeth Barton, the landlady of the "Crown," St. James's
Street, where the women lived, was now called. She proved that Emma was
decidedly drunk. She came in rather late one night, and begun
quarrelling with Mary Ann Webb about a soldier. Both girls were excited,
but she could not say whether Webb was the assailant. Emma was the worse
for liquor when she returned home, but she demanded to be supplied with
a pint of beer before going to bed, and witness gave it her.
The Magistrates dismissed the case, and censured Mrs. Barton for
supplying beer to the complainant when she was already drunk.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer,
11 September, 1868.
THE ANNUAL LICENSING DAY
A person whose name did not transpire attended before the Bench to
make a complaint as to the manner in which the "Crown Inn," St. James's
Street, was conducted, but he was not in attendance before the license
was renewed, and he was therefore informed by the Mayor that the
Magistrates could not now entertain his complaint, but that the police
should have instructions to keep a watch upon the premises.
By 1870 this had gained a reputation for doing the wrong
thing. The Magistrates had no hesitation in closing it for two years. Arthur
Barton attempted to reopen in 1871 but was not permitted and it is not
likely that any other applicants pursued the matter.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 16 September, 1870. Price 1d.
THE ANNUAL LICENSING DAY
The Borough Magistrates held their annual licensing meeting on Monday
last at the Sessions House. The Magistrates on the bench were E. F.
Astley (in the Chair), J. F. Crookes, T. E. Back, C. Stein, J. G.
Churchward, J. G. Smith, and W. R. Mowll Esqs. Most of the licenses were
renewed pro forma. The exceptional cases were the following.
THE CROWN. ST. JAMES’S STREET
In the case of the “Crown,” a memorial had been received by the
Magistrates, praying that the license might not be renewed on the ground
that the house was frequented by common prostitutes and that women of
this class resided on the premises.
The petition was signed by several persons living near the “Crown,” and
its prayer was supported by two of them, Mr. W. C. Keys and Mr. A.
Datlen. Both were sworn; and Mr. Keys, in reply to the questions of the
Magistrates, said that his house was separated from the “Crown” by a
narrow passage, but that he was notwithstanding much annoyed by the
proceedings carried on there. He had seen prostitutes passing in and out
of the house at all hours of the day and night. From his observations he
was able to say that a couple of prostitutes lived upon the premises;
and the house was conducted in a very disorderly manner.
Mr. Datlen said he resided next door to the “Crown,” which was conducted
in a very disorderly manner. There was a good deal of noise, especially
at night; in fact, the house was “like a bee-hive.” Disorderly women
frequented the house, and some resided there. He had found it necessary
to complain two years ago.
The applicant denied that the house was kept in a disorderly way. As to
women living in the house, he said he supposed he was allowed to keep
servants; and he protested that the women who had been seen by Mr.
Datlen, and mistaken for prostitutes, were his domestics. He challenged
the Police to say whether the house was conducted in a disorderly way;
and he hoped the Magistrates would not withhold his license because of
the ill-feeling of a couple of his neighbours.
The Chairman said that it was not only the complaint of a couple of
neighbours, but the petition of several persons, some of whom were known
to the Magistrates, with which the Bench had to deal. Two persons,
however, had come forward to substantiate on oath the allegations
contained in the petition, and the Magistrates determined to withhold
However, further research has turned up information that says that in
1868 and certainly by 1871 James Joyce was running a public house called the
"Rose and Shamrock." I am going to
suggest that this pub changed name to that at the end of Barton's reign.
From an email received 20 February 2012
Re "Crown" in St. James St. was the son in law of William Hill (namely John Brace you
have listed as 1847 well he was, John Brace that is, listed on the 1841
census as a Brewer in St. James Street and after he died in 1849 his
wife Mary (listed as a victualler) in the 1851 census took over, for how
long that I am unable to say but you have a new chum (William Pain 1854)
in a couple of years later. Unfortunately neither census states that it
was the Crown.
Hope this may be of help and not too confusing.
Regards Kevern Brace.
BRACE John 1841-49
BRACE Mary 1849+
PAIN William 1854
SMITH Henry 1857-61+
FOX William Henry 1862-63
HIGGINS John Oct/1864+
OAKENFUL Mary Ann 1866
BARTON A 1868+
BARTON Arthur 1871+
From Bagshaw Directory 1847
From the Dover Express