36 Liverpool Street
Managed by Pentecost from at least 1856 and becoming later a fully
licensed outlet of George Beer. It had formerly been known as the "Four
Porters", the sign changing in June 1860.
There is also a "Guilford Tavern" known in the 1830's and perhaps goes
back to 1805 with a Thomas Ladd, but to date any address is unknown. A
probable spelling error in several of the Post Office Directories, naming
the above as the "Guildford Inn" adds to the confusion, but I believe the
mistake to be the addition of an extra "d".
Its location, in 1845, was between Woolcomber and Trevanion Street, with
a playground and tea garden between the hotel and the road. Pentecost stayed
until at least 1877 which would be twenty one years without looking further.
The number would have altered over the years. Its position might more
readily be identified if I say that when it was made redundant in 1913, the
"Mail Packet", "Star and Garter" and "Providence" were all within 125 yards.
Compensation of £180 went to George Beer and £147.10s went to James Denny
the tenant. £5 went to property owners Dover Harbour Board.
A fire occurred in the bar of this hotel in April 1913, which event may
have taken place whilst the negotiations proceeded.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
30 July, 1869.
THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT CASTLE HILL
On Friday afternoon last the Borough Coroner , W. H. Payn, Esq.,
held an inquest on the body of Mrs. Eliza Clark, the lady whose death
resulted from a carriage accident at Castle Hill, on the previous night,
particulars of which were given in our last.
(Click here). The
account we gave was substantially correct; but it appears that the
deceased lady, though residing in Brighton, with her husband and family,
had come from Sandgate to Dover, and not from Brighton to Dover, on the
day of the accident, in company with her sister, Mrs. Beresford, who was
staying in Sandgate, and to whom Mrs. Clark was on a visit. The inquest
was held at the "Guilford Arms," Liverpool Street; and the Jury having
returned from the "Imperial Hotel," where the deceased lady was
laying, and whither they had proceeded for the purpose of viewing the
body, the following evidence was adduced:-
Stephen Brooksby said: I am a tutor residing in Avenue de Roule,
Paris. the deceased lady, Eliza Clark, was the wife of captain Henry
Clark, who is an officer in the army, residing at Brighton. her age was
about twenty-four years. Yesterday, about half-past twelve, I went to
the South-Eastern railway Station at Dover in a fly, which I had hired
at Walmer, and met the deceased and her sister, Mrs. Beresford. They
accompanied me to St. Margaret's Bay in the fly, but before we started
from Dover the horse was changed, as the one which had come from Walmer
in the fly was to return to Walmer in the evening. After visiting the
bay and the neighbourhood we started, on our return, at seven o'clock,
in order to have plenty of time to save the 8.45 up train of the
South-Eastern Railway. the fly had just got past the turnpike gate, at
the Castle Hill, when we felt that something was wrong, the horse going
at a very rapid pace down the hill. I looked out of one of the windows,
to see if anything was wrong, and, o retaking my seat, I found that the
deceased had opened the door and had jumped out. her sister would have
followed, but I prevented her, and said, "Let me jump first," which I
did. Mrs. Beresford would have followed, but the horse was stopped by a
Mr. Packham, who was on the hill. After having jumped out of the
carriage, I ran to the assistance of the deceased , whom I found to be
perfectly insensible. Mr. Packham went for a doctor, and the deceased
was taken to the "Imperial Hotel" in another fly. Dr. parsons attended
her all night, and she died about four o'clock, without being able to
speak. The fly hired by me at Walmer was a closed fly. I know the fly
had a skid attached to it, because I saw it while going down
St. Margaret's Hill. I hired the fly from Mr. Barnes, of Walmer, but I
do not know the name of the man who drove it. The same man drove to St.
Margaret's who drove me to Walmer. he was a middle-aged man. When coming
down the hill I did not tell him to put the skid on. I left that
to the man's judgement. he was perfectly sober. The fly was closed when
the horse went so fast, so that i could not see if the driver was
pulling hard. I do not think Mr. Packham had caught hold of the
horse when we jumped out. I think the skid ought to have been on upon
our descending the Castle Hill. I do not know if the skid was on, but I
should think not. I have heard that the driver was pulling up, to
put the skid on, when the breeching broke.
Edwin Packham said: I am a livery stable keeper residing in Dover.
Yesterday evening, about a quarter past eight, I was sitting on a seat
on Old Castle Hill Road, when I heard a horse running away down Castle
Hill. I heard it kicking. I immediately ran up the bank, and saw a horse
and a carriage going down the hill at a furious pace. The driver was
pulling up the horse to the best of his power, but seeing that he
required assistance, I ran up to the horse's head, while the animal was
going down the hill, and eventually succeeded in stopping it. The skid
was not on. I found the skid in the front part of the carriage. The man
who was driving appeared perfectly sober. I told him that he should have
had the skid on, and he said he was pulling up to put it on, when the
breeching broke. I saw the breeching was broken. I saw somebody lying on
the said of the road, but at the moment I couldn't tell whether it was a
lady or a gentleman. I held the horse's head while the driver went to
see to the lady. I afterwards went for a doctor, and ordered a fly to go
and fetch the lady into the town.
James Doer, having been sworn and previously cautioned, said: I am a
fly driver living at Walmer in the service of Mr. Thomas Barnes, a fly
proprietor of the same place. Yesterday morning, at a quarter to
eleven, I was engaged by a gentleman, Mr. Brooksby, to go to the
South-Eastern Railway Station, at Dover, for the purpose of taking some
passengers from the railway. On arriving at Dover I was ordered to put
my horse into the stable, and the gentleman said that another horse
should be put into the carriage, as he desired to go to St. Margaret's
Bay. The horse was put into my carriage by the owner, Mr. Kittel. I then
drove the gentleman and two ladies to St. Margaret's Bay. On the
way back to Dover, the horse shied at Castle Hill Turnpike, before I had
time to put the break on, and ran down the hill about the distance of
two hundred yards. During this time the deceased lady opened the
carriage door, and jumped out. In pulled the horse up with the
assistance of Mr. Packham. The breeching of the harness broke, and that
caused the animal to run away. I had never on any previous occasion
driven this particular horse. The harness did not belong to Mr. Barnes.
It was very rotten.
Charles Parsons said: I am a doctor of medicine residing in St.
James's Street, Dover. Yesterday evening, about a quarter past eight, I
was called to see a lady who had been injured on the Castle Hill.
On arriving at the turnpike I found the deceased lying insensible
in the arms of a gentleman, and several people nearby rendering
assistance. I ordered her to be placed in a fly and immediately removed
to the nearest hotel. I accompanied her in the fly, and she was conveyed
to the "Imperial Hotel," and placed in
a bed. On removing her clothes I made a careful examination, but
could only fond a swelling at the back of the head with a
fractured scalp wound, apparently caused by a hair pin which had
fastened a chignon at the back of the head. She was cold, pale, and
almost pulseless, and was totally insensible. She remained in this
condition, with very slight improvement, until about four o'clock, when
she suddenly became flushed, the breathing laborious, and in a few
minutes she was dead. I found no fracture of the skull. She probably
died from the violence of the shock causing fatal injury to the nervous
substance of the brain.
The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental Death."
From the Deal, Walmer, and Sandwich Mercury,
31 July, 1869. 1d.
THE FATAL CARRIAGE ACCIDENT
A sad accident, which was attended with fatal result, took place upon
Castle Hill on Thursday week about 8 o'clock in the evening. It appeared
that a gentleman named Brooksby had hired a fly from Mr. Barnes, of
Walmer, in the morning, and drove to Dover. Here Mr. Barne's horse was
changed for an animal belonging to Mr. Kittell, of the "London Hotel,"
and Mr. Brooksby having taken up two lady friends, named Mrs. Clarke,
and Mrs. Beresford, at the South Eastern Railway Station, gave the
flyman orders to drive to St. Margaret's. All went well till the return
journey, when just as the party had arrived at the turnpike-gate upon
the hill, the "breeching" of the harness broke, and touched the hind
quarters of the horse, which started off at a furious gallop down the
hill, continuing its mad career for about 200 yards, when, with great
courage and presence of mind, Mr. Packham, junior, who was near at the
time, seized the animal's head and stopped it. Mrs. Clarke had in the
meantime jumped out, and, falling to the ground, received serious
injuries. Dr. Parsons was soon present, and had her removed to the
"Imperial Hotel," where she died on Friday morning about four o'clock,
from concussion of the brain. An inquest was held upon the body at the
"Guildford Arms Inn," Liverpool Street, on Friday afternoon last, before
the Coroner W. H. Payn, Esq., and the following was the evidence:-
Mr. Stephen Brooksby, a tutor, residing in the Avenue do Roule,
Paris, stated that on Thursday morning he met the deceased and her
friends at the station. He took them up about half-past twelve, they
having come down by train from Brighton. Her sister, Mrs. Beresford, was
with her. They went to St. Margaret's Bay. Before starting they changed
the horse to prevent the Deal horse from being tired in returning. They
returned from St. Margaret's to Dover about seven o'clock, and had just
got through the gate at the top of Castle Hill, when the horse ran away.
He looked out of the window, and on getting back again he found the
deceased had opened the door and jumped out. Her sister would have
followed her but the witness stopped her, and said, "Let me jump first."
He jumped out, and in a minute afterwards Mr. Packham jun., with great
courage stopped the animal. He then ran to Mrs. Clark's assistance, whom
he found perfectly insensible. Mr. Packham ran for Dr. Parsons, who
shortly afterwards arrived and had her conveyed in a fly to the
"Imperial Hotel." It was a closed fly from Walmer, and had a skid. The
driver had certainly no control over his horse, and was quite sober. The
deceased was aged 24 years, and was the wife of Captain Clark, in the
Army. He did not know whether any of the harness broke.
Mr. Edwin Packham, of the "Shakespeare" stables, Dover, deposed that
he was on the old Castle Hill, on Thursday evening, and heard the horse
running away down the hill. He ran up and saw the horse and fly going
down the New Road at a furious pace. The driver had then a command over
the animal and was pulling him up with all his power. He, witness, saw
assistance was required, seized the horse's head, and ran with it a
distance of 100 yards, and eventually succeeded in stopping it. The skid
was not on and the man was perfectly sober. In answer to a question the
driver told him he was pulling up to place the skid on, when the
breeching broke and the horse started off before he had time to get
down. He went for a surgeon, and ordered a fly to go and fetch the lady
After a discussion of a few minutes as to whether it was politic for
the flyman, James Down, to give evidence, he was sworn at the wish of
the Jury, and stated that the horse was put into the carriage by its
owner, Mr. Kittell. On his return, the horse at the Dover turnpike shied
before he could put the break on and ran a distance of 200 yards. The
breeching of the harness, which belonged to Mr. Kittell, broke, and
caused the horse to run away. He had never driven the horse before and
it shied twice before he came to the gate. The harness was in a very
unfit state, and if the breeching had not have broken the accident would
not have occurred. The lady also would not have met with her death if
she had kept her seat.
Dr. Charles Parson, physician and surgeon of Dover, said he attended
the deceased on the spot. She was lying senseless in the arms of a
gentleman. He had her placed in a fly and brought to the "Imperial
Hotel." There she was placed in bed, and on examining her he found a
contusion at the back of her head. She was cold, pale, and almost pulse
less. She remained in this condition with slight improvement till
four o'clock this morning, when she suddenly became flushed and expired.
The probably cause of her death was from the violence of the shock,
causing fatal injury within the brain.
The Jury, after a brief consideration, returned a verdict of
accidental death, but were of opinion that the harness breaking was the
cause of the accident.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 11 January, 1895.
RESULT OF A FALL
An inquest was held at the “Guilford Hotel” yesterday afternoon, by the
Borough Coroner, on the body of Mrs. Margaret Sanderson, of 50, East
Cliff, who had died of erysipelas (skin infection), the effect of a
wound received by falling down Mr. M. Mowll’s steps, Chaldecot,
Leybourne Road. Mr. Smeeth was foreman of the Jury.
Mr. Joseph Sanderson, an army pensioner, 50, East Cliff, said the body
the Jury had viewed was that of his wife Margaret Sanderson. She was 57
years of age. On Friday afternoon 30th November, she was brought home on
a fly by Mr. Martyn Mowll. She was bandaged round the head. She said she
had fallen down Mr. Mowll’s steps and struck her head. The Hospital
doctor attended her, and she went on well until symptoms of erysipelas
set in, and she got worse on the Sunday. On Monday Mr. Mowll brought Dr.
Best, who said she was in a very weak state. She died on Tuesday
morning. The Hospital doctor did not call after Sunday, and witness had
not seen him since.
Mr. M. Mowll, solicitor, said that on Friday, November 30th, about 3
p.m., the deceased called at his house for a Hospital ticket for her
husband. Witness saw her and gave her the ticket, and as she left the
house by the front door, watched her go down the steps. When she got
half-way down the steps, on to the landing, she, from some cause witness
could not perceive, fell down to the bottom of the steps. It was a
terrible fall, and witness thought that she must have broken her neck.
The Coroner, who lived opposite, saw what occurred, and helped to pick
her up. She soon came to herself, but seemed dazed, and the Coroner
examined her head, which was bleeding rather freely, and found that in
the fall a comb that she was wearing on the back of the head, had
broken, and had made three or four wounds in the scalp. As soon as she
was fit, she was taken into the house and Dr. Best was telephoned for
and attended to the injury, and she was afterwards taken to her home in
a cab. Witness heard afterwards that she was going on all right, until
last Friday, when he heard that she was worse, and witness’ wife saw
her. Dr. Best saw her at witness’ request.
The Coroner said that at the time of the accident he was at his window,
and saw her fumble with her feet, and topple completely over, falling on
the top of her head.
Edward Know Goodwin, House Surgeon of the Dover Hospital, said he took
that post on December 6th, and first attended the deceased when sent for
on December 19th. The wounds were unhealthy, and had not completely
healed. He was sent for on January 3rd, and witness found that
erysipelas had set in, and prescribed for her. He saw her again on the
three following days, and on Sunday she was a little better. Witness was
very busy, and as no message arrived when the medicine was sent for, he
did not visit her as he originally intended. He had 28 patients to visit
that day and the work was very heavy and rather too much, and for this
reason he was leaving. Witness ascribed death to erysipelas, brought on
from the wound.
The Jury returned a verdict that the deceased died of erysipelas,
originating from injuries accidentally received.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 7 February, 1913. Price 1d.
DOVER LICENSING SESSIONS
Mr. Mowll said that he understood that the owners were not objecting to
the house going for compensation.
The Chief Constable said that it was a fully licensed house in Liverpool
Street. The owners were Messrs. George Beer and Co., Canterbury, and the
present tenant was J. Denny, and the house was transferred to him on
April 8th, 1904. The rateable value was £50 gross, £40 nett. The house
had a back entrance. The licensed houses in the immediate neighbourhood
were the “Mail Packet,” Woolcomber Street (56 yards), the “Providence,” Trevanion Stereet (88 yards); the “Star and Garter,” Trevanion Street
(125 yards). The house stood back from the street 39 feet. The
accommodation included a billiard room.
Chief Inspector Lockwood said that he served the notice on the 23rd
January. On the 22nd January he visited the house at 3.20 p.m., and
found no customers; at 10.30 a.m. on the 23rd January, no customers; at
10.35 a.m. on the 27th January, two customers; at 7.40 p.m. on the 29th
January, no customers; at 5.10 p.m. on the 30th January, no customers;
and at 9.25 p.m. on the 31st January, three customers.
The Magistrates decided to report the licence for compensation.
LADD Thomas 1805
FOORD William 1830-38 (Guilford Tavern)
PENTECOST William June/1860-77
ROBINSON to Nov/1881
AUSTIN James Nov/1881-82
(Late butler to the Marquis of Conyngham.)
NEWMAN W to Mar/1893
house for many years)
HORTON W Mar/1893+
HAWKINS William Webber 1891-Jan/1900
SANTER Henry Jan/1900+
KNIGHT George James 1903-04+
DENNY James 1904-13
From the Post Office Directory 1882
From the Post Office Directory 1891
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1895
From the Kelly's Directory 1899
From the Post Office Directory 1903
From the Post Office Directory 1913
From the Post Office Directory 1874
From the Dover Express