Page Updated:- Monday, 07 June, 2021.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton & Debi Birkin

Earliest 1830+

Hearts of Oak

Closed 1917

High Street


Hearts of Oak 1910

Above postcard, 1910, kindly sent by Debi Birkin. Also just seen in picture is the "Red Lion" and "Chequers."

Hearts of Oak location 2016

Above Google image, September 2016.


The pub is centre in the top postcard scan, it has two white advertising boards on wall above door. The pub is the last building address in the High Street in the 1891 census. The large shop, Frank Elliot's has it store on the corner and it's address was (in 1891) North Street. The pub closed in 1917 and became a post office and then a Westminster Bank, now a private house number 4 High Street.

This was described as an Anti 1868 Beerhouse, meaning that it had first been awarded a license under the 1830 beer Act and allowed the house to continue to remain licensed by paying their annual fee without having to attend the licensing sessions, however, only beer was allowed to be sold.


Sussex Agricultural Express, Saturday 8th January, 1898.

Transfers were granted by the Bench "sweets and wines" from J. L. Humphries, Horsmonden to Naomi Waters; (beer, cider and perry) from F. G. Bixley to J. F. Hicks; "Hearts of Oak" Beerhouse, Biddenden, from F. W. Moore to A. Russell.


South Eastern Gazette, Tuesday 6th March, 1917.

Adjourned Licensing Sessions.

The adjourned licensing sessions for the Cranbrook Petty Sessional Division were held on Thursday, before Mr. E. L. Tomlin (chairman), Captain G. S. Hancock, Messrs. J. A. Drush, W. Nash, J. Hanmer, A. Hardcastle, and E. E. Selmes. Superintendent Cheeseman opposed renewal of the following licences on the grounds of redundancy. "Hearts of Oak," Biddenden, owned by Messrs Smith and Co., of Lamberhurst, and how by Richard Ottaway


In the case of the "Hearts of Oak," Biddenden, renewal was not applied for.


Kent Messenger and Gravesend Telegraph, Saturday 28th July, 1917.

The licensing (Consolidation) Act, 1910.

Notice as to Sending in Claims to be treated as Persons Interested in Licensed Premises.

County of Kent, Western Division.

Notice is hereby given that the Compensation Authority for the above area having decided at their Principal Meeting held on 12th day of July, 1917, to refuse the Renewal of Licences of the premises specified below, all persons claiming to be interested in the said premises for the purpose of the payment of Compensation under the said act other than the Licensees and the Registered owner of the said premises are required to send to the Compensation Authority notice of their claims before the 20th day of August, 1917, for the purpose of enabling the Compensation Authority to ascertain in manner provided by the Licensing Rules, 1910, the persons entitled to Compensation on under the said Act in respect of the said premises.

Notice of claims, giving particulars of the interests claimed, should be sent to the Clerk of the Compensation Authority at this Office at the Sessions House, Maidstone.

"Hearts of Oak," The Village, Biddenden. Beerhouse (Ante 1869). Richard Elmstone Ottaway. Smith & Co. Lamberhurst Ltd, Lamberhurst.

W.B. Prosser, Clerk of the Compensation Authority, Sessions House, Maidstone. Dated this 26th day of July, 1917.


Maidstone Telegraph Saturday 17th November 1917.

West Kent Licensing Committee. Compensation appointments.

Mr. Coles Child presided, on Thursday, at a meeting of this committee, at the Sessions House, Maidstone, the other members present being: Colonel J. M. Rogers, Colonel Grubb, Messrs C. Tuff, Joseph Barker, R Batchelor, P. Butt-Gow, S. Lee Smith, H. Hannem, W. A. Smith-Masters, J. H. Hay Rudton, H. J. Wood and G. Naylor with the Clerk (Mr. W. B. Prosser), and the Valuer (Mr. H. M. Cobb, of Higham).

It was the "supplemental" meeting for the awarding of compensation in respect of licences "referred" earlier in the year.

Left to the Chairman.

It was left to the Chairman to approve the agreement in the case of the "Hearts of Oak" beer house, the Village, Biddenden, owners Messrs. Smith and Co., Lamberhurst, tenant, Mr. Richard Ottaway.




TAYLOR Susan 1871+ (age 38 in 1871Census)

TAYLOR Charles 1881-91 (husband of above age 62 in 1891Census)

MOORE F W to Jan/1898

RUSSELL Alfred Jan/1898-1901+ (also agricultural labourer age 35 in 1901Census)

OTTOWAY Richard Elmstone 1917




If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-