Sort file:- Dover, December, 2022.

Page Updated Dover:- Friday, 16 December, 2022.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Barry Smith and Paul Skelton

Earliest 1832


Latest 1912

14 Hawkesbury Street



A free house by agreement between Gardner the supplier and the tenant. The street was built on land reclaimed from the sea. The old harbour of Paradise Pent succumbed to silt and shingle which accumulated over time and provided building land about 1800.


It was a classified hotel when I traced it in 1832 and it was fully licensed at the end of its day.

I believe in the 1850s this was also called the "Albion Hotel and Railway Tavern" but by "Princess Maud" its immediate neighbour eventually changed name to the "Railway Inn."


From the Kent Directory 1837.

J. BROADBRIDGE, Hawkesbury Street, Dover near the Quay, “Albion Hotel” (a masonic Lodge is held here)


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 4 January, 1840.


The brethren of this lodge celebrated the Festival of t. John, on Monday last, at their lodge, at the "Albion Hotel." The dinner was served with Broadbridge's usual style and attention. The room was tastefully decorated with banners, devices, &c which tended much to the comfort and satisfaction of the brethren present, who spent the evening in the full enjoyment of harmony, which distinguished the meetings of this society.


From the Kentish Gazette, 8 February 1842.


Jan. 30, at Duncton, Sussex, Mr. William Broadbridge, former, father of the late Mr. John Broadbridge, of the "Albion Hotel," Dover, in his 87th year.


From the Kentish Gazette, 10 February 1846.


On Monday, the 2nd instant, an inquest was held at the "Albion Inn," on the body of John Risby, before M. Kennett, Esq, deputy coroner. It appeared that the deceased was a labourer, in the employ of Sir. Bray, the contractor for the harbour works, and fell from a plank whilst wheeling a loaded barrow drawn by a horse.

Verdict, "Accidental death."

(This could, of course refer to the "Albion" at East Cliff. Paul Skelton.)


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 4 January, 1845. Price 5d.


(Close to the Harbour and Terminus)


Mrs. Broadbridge, on leaving the above premises, begs to tender her thanks to her generous friends for the kind support she has received, and informs then that the business of the Hotel has been disposed of to:-


Who having taken possession, solicits a continuance of the patronage generally bestowed on his predecessor, and which, by unremitting attention, it will ever be his study to deserve. - Every accommodation will be found by Travellers coming by Rail or Steam, and at moderate charges.

Goding and Co's superior Draught London Porter and Ales.


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 25 January 1845.

Albion Hotel and Railway Tavern,

(Close to the Harbour and Terminus,) Hawkesbury Street, Dover.

Mrs. Broadbridge, on leaving the above premises, begs to tender her thanks to her numerous friends for the kind support she has received, and informs them that the business of the hotel has been disposed of to Mr. J. Rickman, who, having taken possession, solicits a continuance of the patronage so liberally bestowed on his predecessor, and which, by unremitting attention, it will ever be his study to deserve.

Every accommodation will be found by travellers coming by rail or steam, and at moderate charges.

Goding and Co. Draught London Porter and Ales.


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday, 22 February, 1845. Price 5d.


In returning thanks for the patronage he has received since he took the above Hotel, begs to announce to his friends and the public, that his OPENING DINNER will take place on Monday, March 3rd.

Tickets, 6s. each, including Dessert, &c. to be had at the bar of the Hotel.


Dover Chronicles 7 February 1846.

Coroner's Inquest.

On Monday evening, an inquest was held at the "Albion," Hawkesbury Street, before M. Kennett, Esq., Depurt Coroner for the borough and liberties, on view of the body of John Risby, labourer, who met his death by an accident, recorded in our lasts.

J. T. Wheatley deposed:- I am a labourer in the Dover Harbour works, in the employee of Mr. Bray the contractors; deceased was in the same employment. On last Friday morning, about 8:30, he was walking with a barrow full of gravel up a plank, near the Bell-house, Dover Harbour. When he was near the top of the plank, he and a barrow fell over. I went to the assistance of the deceased. He had fallen about 4 feet; and complained that his belly was hurt. I and Thomas Harris conveyed him to his lodgings, in Round Tower Lane, where I visited him several times during that day. He always complained of his abdomen feeling hard and painful. He died towards that evening.

Thomas Harris a labourer in the same employ, corroborated the evidence of the last witness.

The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental Death," with a deodand of 1s. on the barrow and plank.


From the Kentish Gazette, 11 March 1845.

Dinner at the "Albion Hotel."

On Monday last, Mr. J. Rickman's opening dinner took place at the "Albion Hotel," Hawkesbury-street. Shortly after 6 o'clock a splendid repast was placed on the table, reflecting the greatest credit on the worthy host and hostess and to which ample justice was done by those present. The only regret appeared to be that the heavy fall of snow had prevented a more numerous attendance, particularly that of several friends from London and Herne Bay. The wines were of excellent quality; and after the usual loyal and patriotic toasts, Mr. W. Wood, in a very appropriate speech, proposed the health of the host and hostess and observed, that the name of Hickman had always stood A.1. as a whip, and would doubtless continue to do so in this new line of business, in which the company heartily joined in, wishing him every success. The toast was responded to in a feeling manner by Mr. R., and the hilarity of the meeting was kept up with spirit till near the hour of midnight.


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 15 March, 1845. Price 5d.


On Saturday last, an inquest was held at the "Albion Hotel," before G. T. Thompson, Esq., coroner to the borough, on the body of William Symonds, aged 36, fireman on board H. M. P. Widgeon, who was killed on the previous day at Calais, by falling over the quay. The jury being sworn, proceeded to view the body; and, on their return, the following evidence was adduced:-

James Cope - I am a seaman on board H. M. P. Widgeon. I knew the deceased, who was fireman in the same vessel. On Friday last we were at Calais, and about 8 o'clock I had charge of the deck. Deceased went up the ladder on to the quay, and after walking 3 or 4 steps turned round and took hold of the iron rail of the ladder with his right hand instead of his left, in consequence of which he fell over into the mud. In falling he struck the girders at the foot of the quay, which is about 25 feet in height. I gave an alarm, and with assistance got him on board within 2 minutes from the time he fell. He appeared to be dead; but a French surgeon was sent for, who arrived in about 7 minutes, and on examining the body found that the skull was fractured. Deceased spoke to me up the ladder; but to my knowledge he was not drunk. There was no one near the ladder when he fell.

In reply to a question from Lieut. Scrivens, commander of the packet, witness stated that when deceased fell there was a rattling of glass, a quantity of which was found broken in the mud where he fell.

Lieut. Scriven then produced a certificate from the French surgeon, at Calais, to this effect, that on being called to attend the deceased he found a deep wound on the right side of he head, which must have caused almost instantaneous death. Lieut. Scriven then said the crew of the vessel were in attendance, but they could throw no additional light on the investigation; and the jury returned a verdict "That the deceased died from accidentally falling from the quay."

On Tuesday the remains of the deceased were interred in the burial ground of St. Mary's, the funeral being followed by Lieut. Scrivens and the crew of the packet.

We hear that the widow of the unfortunate man has not been forgotten in this her hour of distress; and that benevolent individuals are nobly exerting themselves to procure subscriptions in her behalf. We trust that the appeal made to the sympathies of the public will prove successful beyond our most sanguine expectations.


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 7 February, 1846. Price 5d.


An inquest was held on Monday evening, at the "Albion Hotel," before Matthew Kennett, Esq., (who officiated in the absence of the Coroner,) on the body of John Risby, aged 29, a labourer in the employ of Mr. Bray, the contractor for the works in the harbour improvements. The jury having appointed Mr. Odden Hambrook foreman, proceeded to view the body; and on their return, the evidence of Frederick Wheatley and Thomas Harris was taken. It appeared that deceased was employed in running burrows of earth drawn up by an inclined plank, from which he fell a depth of about five feet. On being picked up, he complained of great pain in the abdomen, and was taken o his lodgings. Mr. Sibbit, who attended deceased, was of opinion that deceased died from internal injury, and the jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death."


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday, 24 July, 1847. Price 5d.


TO BE LET, WITH IMMEDIATE POSSESSION, The above old-established Hotel, COMPRISING Seven Bed Rooms, large Club Room, Two Parlours, Bar and Bar Parlour, Water Closet, Kitchen, Wash-house, good Cellarage, and various other conveniences, suitable for carrying on a respectable establishment.

The Fixtures and Furniture's to be taken at a valuation.

The incoming will not exceed 400.

For particulars apply to Mr. THOMAS PAIN, Solicitor, Dover.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 9 July, 1869.


An enquiry was held before the borough coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., and a Jury, of whom Mr. Hatton Brown was chosen the foreman, on Saturday morning last, at the "Albion Inn," Hawkesbury Street, on the body of James Pain, a private of the 97th Earl of Ulster's Regiment, stationed at the South Front Barracks, Western Heights, who had dropped down dead while being escorted to the guardroom.

The body having been viewed, the following evidence was taken:-

Job Tucker, a lance corporal of the 97th Regiment, stationed at the Western Heights, said: The deceased was a private in the regiment to which I belong. I was ordered on Wednesday to take charge of the deceased, who was then a prisoner in the South Front Guardroom, in order that he might be examined. I had with me at the time two men and another prisoner. It was about half-past twelve when I took the deceased to the doctor's quarters. After the doctor had examined him I was taking him back to the guardroom, when, after he had returned about half-way, he dropped into my arms, and in a few minutes expired. The deceased was not handcuffed, nor did he have a stock on. he was wearing only a shell jacket, and when I unbuttoned that, life appeared to be extinct. On the way to the doctor, he had stopped and complained of a pain in the chest; but said that it was nothing more than he usually felt when walking up hill. he was a prisoner because he had deserted from the regiment. No one was speaking to him at the time he dropped down.

By the Jury: The first time I saw him was on the morning on which I took him to the doctor. I do not know how long he was to be imprisoned. I was ordered to take him into custody. The man was examined inside of the doctor's room, and he did not tell me anything of what the doctor had said.

Thomas Brown, a hospital sergeant of the 97th Regiment said: The deceased was brought to the hospital on Wednesday last, the 30th June. I first saw him on the ground, where he fell, at about a quarter past one. A man belonging to the escort came to the hospital, and informed me that the deceased had fallen down, and felt very sick. The man said a stretcher would be required, and I procured one. I found the deceased lying on his back, and he appeared quite dead. I did not notice any marks of violence upon him. I ordered him to be taken to the hospital. I had known the deceased previously in India for some years, and he was at the time a fine healthy man. I never heard of his complaining of ill-health, though I did not consider him a temperate man.

By the Jury: He was only once in hospital while in India. I do not know with what complaint. I do not think he has been in hospital while in England. I don't know how long he has been in the guardroom.

Surgeon Joseph Henry Porter, of the 97th Regiment: On Wednesday last Sergeant Brown called my attention to the deceased. I proceeded to the hospital, and found the body in the dead house. I examined the body externally. I observed no marks of violence. I am of opinion that he died from internal rupture of the chest, which might have occurred through the exertion of walking up hill, and which would cause death.

By the Jury: I should think the deceased's weakness of the chest was constitutional. I believe he has only been in the guardroom of the regiment two or three days.

It appeared that the deceased had deserted from the 97th Regiment some two years ago, and had enlisted in the 19th Regiment. It having been heard that the deceased was in the regiment, he had been fetched back a few days before his death to his former regiment, and had been sentenced to a course of imprisonment. It also transpired that the deceased was taken by the escort to Dr. Scanham, of the 4th King's Own Royal Regiment, stationed at the Grand Shaft Barracks. Dr. Scanham, through he carefully examined him, could find nothing to justify his admission to hospital. Dr. Scanhan who was present, said the deceased did not complain to him of any great pain.

The Jury returned a verdict of "Death from natural Causes."


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 7 June, 1872. Price 1d.


On Friday night Dover was the scene of a murder of remarkable atrocity, a private in the 2nd battalion of the 3rd Buffs, quartered in the Citadel Barracks, having made an attack upon a comrade with his bayonet and inflicted such injuries that the unfortunate man expired in a few minutes.

It appears that the accused, a young man 19 years of age, who gives the name of Francis Bradford occupied the same barrack-room as the murdered man, private Donohue; and that on retiring to rest, the latter remonstrated with Bradford for some little irregularity and threatened to report him if he did not desist. The prisoner, it appears, did not pay any attention to this remonstrance; and Donohue left the room with the intention, apparently, of carrying out his threat. When he returned the prisoner became much enraged and took up a poker to strike Donohue; but was prevented from carrying out his intentions by another soldier in the room. It was then time for lights to be extinguished, and Donohue went to bed. It does not appear whether the prisoner went to bed immediately, or not; but an alarm was soon afterwards raised, and it was found that Bradford had taken his bayonet from the place where it was kept over his bed, and, having drawn it from his sheath, had walked to the bed of Donahue, whom he stabbed in the abdomen with considerable violence, the weapon, after penetrating the bed clothes, having entered the abdomen of the unfortunate man to the extent of some four inches. Bradford was soon surrounded and the murderous instrument was taken from him. Medical aid was quickly procured; but although every effort was made to arrest the haemorrhage the poor man had ceased to exist after the doctor had arrived. The prisoner was then handed over to Superintendent Sanders, of the Borough Police Force, by whom he will be brought before the Magistrates this morning.

The deceased was a married man, with two children, though, having married without leave, his wife and family do not live in the barracks, but in lodgings in Durham Hill. He was a well-conducted man, and has been in the regiment about fourteen years. Bradford has been in the regiment about two years.



The prisoner was brought up on Saturday morning for examination before the following Magistrates:- The Mayor, and R. Rees and W. R. Mowll, Esqs. He is a good-looking young man, but has a determined expression of countenance. He appeared exceedingly cool and self-possessed, and paid strict attention to the evidence given by the various witnesses. The Court was densely crowded throughout the enquiry.

Mr. Hunt, barrister at law, was instructed to watch the case on behalf of the prisoner.

The charge of wilfully murdering the deceased man having been formally read over to the prisoner by the Mayor, the following evidence was taken:-

Richard Brown, a private in the 2nd Battalion 3rd Buffs deposed: The prisoner is in my company, as was also the deceased Daniel Donohue. We all slept in the same barrack room, No. 7, at the Citadel Barracks. Yesterday evening, between a quarter to and ten o'clock, the prisoner was making a great noise in the barrack room. The lights were then burning. The prisoner was very noisy, and the deceased went and reported his conduct to Corporal Kavanagh. The Corporal was in No. 6 room, on the opposite side of the passage, and I heard the deceased report him. The Corporal came in and told prisoner if he did not get to bed he should send him to the guard-room. The prisoner said, “All right, Corporal,” and went to his bed immediately. A general conversation was going on in the room at the time. The prisoner called Donahue names, and in reply deceased said he should bring him up before the Captain of the Company in the morning. I do not remember the exact words passed by the deceased; but the prisoner said, “Perhaps you will not have the chance of reporting me to the Captain, if you don't mind.” I did not take any notice of what followed, until presently I heard deceased cry, “Oh! I'm stuck I'm stuck.” I knew deceased voice. The lights had been put out when this happened , and I should say it was between a quarter and a half-past ten. I rushed out of bed and took the bayonet out of prisoner's hand, and then snatched him away from deceased, as he was standing by the side of deceased's bed. I handed the prisoner over to private Stephenson, and gave the bayonet to Corporal Dillon. When I took prisoner away from deceased bed he was striking him on the head with his fists. I know nothing further about the matter. The lights were lighted directly I got the prisoner on the floor. I could not swear from which hand of the prisoner I snatched the bayonet away. It was too dark for me to see.

George Green, another private in the Buffs, deposed: The prisoner and the deceased were both in the same company as myself; and we all slept in No. 7 Room, at the Citadel Barracks. I slept in the bed next to the deceased Daniel Donohue, on the left side of him. The last witness slept on the opposite side. I heard nothing take place in the room before the lights were extinguished. I only got in just as the lights were put out. I heard Bradford talking aloud to himself. He came across from his bed to mine; and asked me for my pipe. I enquired what pipe he meant. I afterwards heard Donohue cry out several times that he was stabbed. I heard someone get out of bed, and come across the room to Donohue's bed; and I then heard some blows struck near the deceased's bed. Someone lighted a candle; and then I saw that the last witness Brown had hold of the prisoner. The prisoner was then taken to the guard-room and a doctor was sent for.

Patrick Dillon, a Corporal in the band of the 3rd Buffs, deposed: I sleep in the married quarters. The band was playing at the officers mess last night, and I had just come from the band-room, which was adjoins No. 7 barrack room, about twenty minutes past ten, when I heard a man shouting in room no. 7. I immediately took a candle into the room and Private Brown handed me a bayonet. I looked at the number, which I found to be 381. It was stained with blood. To the best of my belief the bayonet produced is the same. When I got into the room I saw the prisoner standing about three yards from deceased's bed, with his shirt and trousers on. Private Brown pointed him out to me as the man who had stabbed the deceased. He said, “That is the man who has stabbed Donohue.” I ordered the prisoner to be at once taken to the guard room. When I enquired which was Bradford, the prisoner said, “Here I am.” I handed the bayonet over to Corporal Kavanagh, and the prisoner was taken to the guard-room. I saw Donohue lying in his bed. I immediately went for a doctor (Dr. Jackson). He got down to the barrack-room before me. When I arrived there, shortly afterwards, I found him standing by the deceased's bed.

By the Mayor: I had been in the bedroom about five minutes when I heard the deceased cry out. I heard no other noise immediately preceding the deceased's cry.

William Kavanagh, a Corporal in the Buffs, deposed: I am in the same company as the prisoner and deceased. I sleep in No. 6 room, immediately opposite to that occupied by the deceased and the prisoner. About ten minutes to ten deceased came across to my room. The lights were not out then. In consequence of what he told me I went to the prisoner and told him I would put him in the guard-room, if he did not go to bed. He said, “I will go to bed, Corporal.” I then returned to my room. The Sergeant in No. 7 room sleeps in the room, but he was not there when this occurred. The gas was turned off about a quarter to ten. I heard nothing more after that until I was called into No. 7 room by Corporal Dillon. On going into the room, Corporal Dillon handed me a bayonet. I did not notice the number on the bayonet. I gave it to Sergeant Hoskins, the Sergeant in charge of the guard. There was a candle alight in the room when I got there. I took the bayonet to the guard-room immediately it was handed over to me.

Samuel Hoskins, a colour-sergeant in the 3rd Buffs, deposed: I was the Sergeant of the guard last night, at the Citadel Gate. About twenty minutes to 11 Corporal Kavanagh came to the guard-room and handed me a bayonet. The bayonet produced is the one. It is slightly stained with blood at the tip, and the number 381. I took possession of it, and afterwards handed it over to a Police-sergeant. A few minutes after I received the bayonet, the prisoner was handed over to my custody, and I handed him over to the Police Superintendent at half-past twelve this morning.

William Carter: I am a Colour-sergeant in the K company of the 2nd Battalion 3rd Buffs, to which the deceased and the prisoner belong. I know that the number of the rifle served out to the prisoner was 381. The rifle, bayonet, and scabbard produced are the same.

Henry Wigan, a private in the band of the 3rd Buffs, deposed: I was in the band-room of the 3rd Buffs, - no. 8 Room, Citadel Barracks – last evening at about ten minutes past ten, when I heard a noise in No. 7 Room; in consequence of which I went into the room. When I arrived there Corporal Dillon was there and a candle was alight. Private Donohue, the deceased, was lying I his bed. The clothes were partly off, but he was not quite covered. I examined him, and found a triangular would in the abdomen such as a bayonet would make. There was blood issuing from it. I attended him until a doctor came.

Robert Stephenson: I am a Private in the 3rd Buffs. I am in the same company as deceased, and the prisoner. I slept with them in No. 7 Room. Last evening shortly before the lights were extinguished the prisoner was making a noise in the room. Private Donohue told him to go to his bed. The prisoner refused to do so; and Donohue fetched the Corporal in. the prisoner then began abusing deceased; but in compliance with the order of the Corporal went to bed. About ten minutes before the lights were out, I saw the prisoner take up a poker. I asked him what he intended doing with it. He said he was going to strike Private Donohue with it. I therefore took it away from him. A few minutes afterwards I heard deceased crying out “he has struck me.” Private Brown took a bayonet away from prisoner. I jumped up and took hold of the prisoner by the throat. He was standing at the foot of Donohue's bed. He subsequently put on his trousers, and was marched to the guard-room.

By the Mayor: A little over ten minutes had elapsed between my taking the poker away from the prisoner and the deceased's crying out.

Thomas Sanders, deposed: I am Superintendent in the Dover Police Force. In consequence of information I received I proceeded to the guard-room at the Citadel Barracks shortly before twelve last night. I went to number 7 barrack-room and examined the bedding of the bed pointed out to me as that which the deceased had occupied. I produce the blanket that was lying on the bed, which has a slight puncture in it. The rifle produced was taken by me from the head of the bed which had been occupied by the prisoner. I also took the scabbard and band produced, which are marked No. 381. the same number appeared on a bayonet given to me by a policeman in the presence of Sergeant Hoskins. I proceeded from the barrack-room to the guard-room where the prisoner was handed over to me. Prisoner was asleep, and I had to wake him. Before proceeding to the Police Station I went to the Dead House; and on examining the deceased man's shirt, I found in that also a puncture such as I had noticed in the blanket.

Sergeant Hoskins, the Sergeant of the guard, was re-called, and in answer to his Worship, said that the prisoner was sober when brought to the guard-room.

Richard Jackson deposed: I am assistant-surgeon in the 3rd Buffs. Last night at about half-past ten I was sent for, and I immediately went ton the room No. 7, where I saw Private Donahue lying on his bed. The clothes were then off him. He was very nearly dead when I first saw him. He had a small triangular wound below the navel. It was such a wound as might be made by a bayonet. There did not appear to be much bleeding outside. I placed my fist between the wound and the heart, and on my pressing the blood spouted out considerably and the internal bleeding seemed to be arrested. The man then seemed to rally a little, but he afterwards sank and died in about twenty minutes from the time of my arrival. Deceased was sensible and spoke. The cause of death, I consider, was internal bleeding, and the symptoms of death are such as would be caused by internal bleeding.

By Mr. Hunt. The prisoner was quite sober.

Superintendent Sanders continuing: On the way to the Station-house the prisoner said: “The _____ rotten ______ won't report any more men!”

The prisoner having had the usual caution read over to him, declined to say anything; and he was committed to take his trial at the next Maidstone Assizes on the charge of wilful murder.



The Borough Coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., held an inquest on the body of the murdered man, at the “Albion Inn,” Hawkesbury Street, on the same afternoon. The following gentlemen were empanelled as the Jury:- Mr. George Wright, Mr. Henry Critch, Mr. William James Hearn, Mr. Austin Pointer, Mr. Henry Allen, Mr. George, Mr. Taylor, Mr. William Forrester, Mr. John Rowe Adams, Mr. James Gooding, Mr. John Tomlin, Mr. William Williams, Mr. Henry Jeffrey Perkins, Mr. John Green, and Mr. Mark Rutter, of whom Mr. John Rowe Adams was chosen foreman. The body, which lay at the Dead-house near to the Military Hospital, having been viewed, the Coroner took the following depositions:-

William Carter deposed: I am a Colour-sergeant in the K company of the 2nd Battalion 3rd Buffs, and am quartered at the Citadel Barracks. I knew the deceased, Daniel Donahue, who was a Private in my company. He was 33 years of age. I last saw him alive at 6 o'clock yesterday evening. The bayonet which was handed to the Superintendent of Police was served out to Private Bradford by myself. Bradford's character, considering his short service, was a very fair one. His age, I believe, is nineteen. The deceased was a steady, respectable man.

By the Jury: I believe no ill-feeling existed between the deceased and Bradford. The deceased was sober when I saw him at six o'clock.

Richard Brown: I am a Private in the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Buffs. I occupy the same quarters as were occupied by the deceased. Private Bradford was making a great disturbance in the room last evening, after “roll call.” The deceased told him that if he did not get to bed, he should report him. Bradford therefore made some abusive remarks, and the deceased went and reported him to Corporal Kavanagh. The Corporal remonstrated with Bradford about his behaviour, and told him to get to bed. The prisoner replied “All right, Corporal,” and got into bed. The Corporal then left the room and the lights were extinguished. I think six or seven minutes had elapsed after the Corporal's leaving the room, when I heard the deceased cry, “I'm stuck, I'm stuck.” I jumped out of bed, and went up to the bed of the deceased, when I saw Bradford striking the deceased with one hand and holding his bayonet in the other. I took the bayonet out of his hand, and seized him by the collar. I handed Bradford over to Private Stephenson, who took him to the guard-room.

By the Jury: Bradford was sober. The noise was not the result of quarrelling, but of merriment. After the Corporal had left the room, I heard the deceased say he would report Bradford to the Captain in the morning, to which Bradford rejoined, “Perhaps you'll not have the chance.”

Patrick Dillon deposed: I am a Corporal in the band of the 3rd Buffs. I occupy No. 8 room, which is next to No. 7. It is the band-room. Last night, at about twenty minutes past ten, I was in No. 8 Room, when I heard someone cry out in the room adjoining. I went in immediately with a candle, as the lights were out, to see what was the cause of the noise. On entering the room, private Brown handed me a bayonet, the number of which was 381. I noticed that the point of it was stained with something that I thought looked like blood. He told me at the same time that Bradford had stabbed the deceased with it, I enquired “Which is Bradford?” to which the prisoner replied, “here I am.” I then immediately ordered him to be taken to the guard-room. I gave the bayonet to Corporal Kavanagh, with instructions to see the prisoner to the guard-room, while I sent for a doctor.

By the Jury: About eighteen to twenty men occupy the room No. 7. Bradford was dressed only in his trousers and shirt.

William Kavanagh deposed: I am a Corporal in the 2nd Battalion 3rd Buffs. My attention was called to the deceased, Daniel Donahue, by a noise Bradford was making in his room, No. 7. I went into the room, and told him to be quiet. About ten minutes afterwards Corporal Dillon came to me and reported that Private Bradford had stuck Private Donohue with a bayonet. Corporal Dillon handed me the bayonet on my entering the room, and Bradford was taken to the guard-room.

By the Foreman: I do not know on what terms Bradford and the deceased were before this occurrence.

Richard Jackson, assistant-surgeon of the 3rd Buffs, deposed: I was called last night about half-past ten to see the deceased. I was told that he had been stabbed. I went immediately and found the deceased lying on the bed with his clothes off. I saw the wound in the deceased's belly, about two inches below the navel. I saw but little blood issuing from the wound. I pressed my fist down between the wound and the heart to suppress internal bleeding. The blood then flowed freely from the wound. On further examination I found deceased almost pulseless. After further pressing on the belly, deceased rallied a little and talked. He said he wondered what his poor wife and children would do. He then gradually sank, and died in about twenty minutes. He made no allusions to the cause of the wound.

By a Juryman: As far as I could say, without a post mortem examination, I am of opinion that the wound was the cause of death.

Thomas Osborne Sanders deposed to apprehending Bradford at the Citadel on the previous night. He examined the blanket of deceased's bed, in which he found a three-cornered hole such as would be made by a bayonet. On inspecting Bradford's rifle and bayonet-sheath, he found them to bear the number 381, corresponding with that on the bayonet which had been handed over to him as that of Bradford. He also found a hole in the deceased's shirt, corresponding with that in the blanket.

The Coroner having summed up, the Jury, after a short consultation, returned a verdict of “Wilful Murder against Francis Bradford,” and the Coroner made out his warrant of committal.



The remains of the murdered man were interred on Tuesday afternoon with full military honours. Every possible mark of respect was paid to the memory of he deceased man by the regimental authorities, and the cruel circumstances under which he came by his death caused more than usual manifestations of sympathy o the part of the general public. Crowds lined the streets which the funeral cortege passed and assembled in large numbers at the cemetery, The procession was headed by a firing party, wearing crape armlets, and with arms reversed – the band of the regiment playing a solemn dirge. The body of the unfortunate man was borne upon a gun carriage, the pall being supported by four men of his company. A carriage containing the bereaved wife and her two little children came next, and immediately following the whole of the women of the regiment, decently attired in black, or wearing some suitable habiliment of mourning. The entire regiment followed, the procession being closed with the whole of the officers. The ceremony was very impressive, and most of the spectators were much affected. The deceased man, though he had married without leave, had obtained permission on the very day of his death for his wife to live with him in the barracks.



Murders of a peculiar character have often been found to come about in cycles; and more than one military tragedy has occurred, within the bounds of our own land, since the frightful slaughter of officers at Deesa. We should feel more uncomfortable than we care to confess, in view of the most recent outrage – that committed at Dover on Friday night – if there was any real reason to apprehend the spread of homicidal contagion from the example of the Deesa assassin. On the contrary, it is greatly to the credit of our soldiers – considering the class from which they are drawn, the peculiar, and often irritating conditions of their lives, and the special opportunities for revenge which they constantly possess, that so few attempts on life are made in the ranks of the army. Indeed, it is the very rarity of such crimes in the face of so many circumstances conspiring to encourage them that gives an abnormal prominence to any murder by a soldier. The deplorable affair at Dover is chiefly noticeable among incidents of the same class for the time and the instrument chosen. Generally it is an open day, in a rush of sudden passion, when a certain measure of fearless openness mingles even with the possible treachery of the attack, that military outrages are committed; but in this case there was a stealth, a cowardice, and deliberation, not usual in matters of the kind. The circumstances, as stated before the Magistrates are these: Francis Bradford, a mere boy of nineteen, belonging to the 2nd Battalion of the 3rd Buffs, was called to order for noisiness, and threatened with report by a much older comrade named Daniel Donohue. Bradford made an attempt to take instant vengeance by the use of the poker; but his hand was held, and by-and-by the men in the room went to bed, the lights being put out. Not long afterwards, however, making feint of speaking to another messmate, Bradford rose, bayonet in hand, and through the bed-clothes so determinedly stabbed Donohue with his bayonet, that the latter died within some twenty minutes. Now, there is little or nothing about his homicide to distinguish it from any kindred crime which has been stimulated by a quarrel between members of one family, or inmates of, say, one longing-house. Discipline and the habit of subordination can do much; but they cannot quite eradicate the evil passions of human nature; and until we find a far more alarming percentage of crime among our armed, than among out unarmed, citizens – if in these day of revolvers and clasp-knives there can be any such – we shall distinctly decline to partake the fears of those who think that the soldier's weapons should be jealously locked away from him.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 21 July, 1872. Price 1d.


Francis Bradford, 19, soldier, was brought up to take his trial for the wilful murder of Daniel Donohue, also a soldier, at Hougham, in the Borough of Dover, on the 31st May last. The prisoner was dressed in the uniform of his regiment, the 3rd Buffs. He is a well-built young fellow, and has all the appearance of a smart intelligent soldier. He looks even much younger than he is, and certainly there is nothing in his countenance, fresh, open, and ruddy as it is, to indicate a ferocious or murderous temperament. When brought in to Court he did not seem to be at all disconcerted by the awful position he occupied, but his demeanour was rather that of a person who had made up his mind for the worst, without much regard as to the consequences. When asked the usual queation whether he objected to either of the Jurors who were to try him, he said he did not know either of them, but when one of the Jury had been sworn, he said he objected to him. He, however, had evidently misapprehended the import of the question, and after being spoken to by the Deputy Governor of the prison, he withdrew his objection, and said he did not object to any of the Jury.

Mr. F. Barrow, assisted by the Hon. E. Stanhope, appeared for the prosecution, and Mr. Hardy, at the request of the Judge, defended the prisoner, who was unprovided with the assistance of counsel.

Mr. Barrow, in opening the case, after remarking on the solemnity of the enquiry on which they were about to enter, and the consequent caution required I investigating the case, said the facts he was about to lay before them were really very simple, and he feared exceedingly conclusive, not only as regarding the death of the deceased man, but also as showing that the prisoner was the man who had caused his death. After detailing the case, Mr. barrow called the following witnesses:-

Robert Stevenson said he was a private in the 3rd Buffs stationed at Dover. The prisoner was also a private in the same regiment, and they slept in the same room, No. 7. On the night in question the prisoner was making a noise before the lights were put out. Donohue asked prisoner to be quiet, and prisoner, in reply, asked what it was to do with him. Donohue said he would fetch the Corporal, and did so. Prisoner called Donohue a b_____ old ______. The Corporal told him to be quiet, or he would put him in the guard-room. The Corporal said he would give him the chance of getting into bed, and then the lights were put out. The prisoner went to the fire-place and got the poker, and on witness asking what he was going to do with it, he said he was going to hit private Donohue. Witness took the poker away and told him to get into bed, which he did. Shortly afterwards witness heard Private brown cry out for assistance, and witness jumped out of bed and found prisoner had seized Donohue by the throat. Witness made him put on his trousers, and took him to the guard.

Cross-examined: Witness could not say how long time elapsed between the time the lights were put out and when he heard Brown cry out. He could not say whether the prisoner was sober, not could he say whether he had been drinking. The noise that was being made was singing and shouting, but only the prisoner made the noise.

George Green, also a Private in the same company of the 3rd Buffs as the deceased and prisoner, said he also slept in No. 7. Donohue's bed was on the right hand side of witness's and Brown's was on the other side. He remembered Donohue fetching the corporal in, because the prisoner was making a noise. After the lights were put out the prisoner came to him, and asked witness for his pipe, as he was smoking in bed. Witness asked him what he meant. Directly afterwards, about two or three minutes, he heard Donohue call out that he was hurt, and Brown jumped out of bed at once. When a light was got, he saw that Brown had got hold of the prisoner. He saw that Donohue was wounded. A doctor was sent for, and prisoner was taken to the guard-room.

Cross-examined: He heard blows struck on Donohue's bed.

Richard Brown, a Private in the 3rd Buffs, said he slept in the same room as the prisoner and Donohue. Before the lights were put out, the prisoner was making some noise in merriment. Donohue went for the Corporal, who ordered Bradford to bed. He replied “All right, Corporal,” and did so. After the lights were put out there was some general talking in the room, and Donohue said he would bring the matter before the Captain in the morning. Prisoner said, “perhaps you will not have the chance.” Presently he heard Donohue call out “Oh” bayonet, bayonet; I am stuck, I am stuck.” It was dark at the time, but witness on going to the bed, saw the bayonet lying between the deceased's legs, pointing towards the foot of the bed. The prisoner was beating the deceased with his hands about his head. Witness gave the bayonet a snatch and then collared the prisoner. He handed the prisoner over to private Stephenson, and the bayonet to Corporal Dillon.

Corporal Dillon, one of the band of the 3rd Buffs, said he had been playing at the mess, and came from the officers' mess to the band-room. He got to the band-room about a quarter past ten. While in the band-room he heard a noise in the next room, No. 7, and took a light and went in. Brown had hold of prisoner, who had stabbed Donohue. He handed the bayonet to witness, and that is the one produced, the number being 381. He noticed at the time a stain of blood upon it, which he now pointed out. At the time witness saw it, the stain was wet. The stain was three inches in depth. He handed the bayonet to Corporal Kavanagh.

William Kavanagh said he was a Corporal in the 3rd Buffs. He slept in No. 6 room, which was opposite No. 7. On this Friday evening he saw the deceased Donohue who came to his room and reported the case. It was then about ten minutes past ten. Witness went into No. 7, and ordered the prisoner to go to his bed, and the lights to be put out. Prisoner replied “All right, Corporal,” and went to bed. Witness went to his room, but shortly afterward he was called in again. He went in and received the bayonet from Corporal Dillon, and afterwards gave it to Sergeant Hoskins.

Sergeant Hoskins said on the 31st May he was Sergeant of the guard at the Citadel Baracks. On the night of the 31st May he received prisoner into custody, and also the bayonet into his charge, and handed them both over to the Superintendent of Police.

Mr. Carter, a Colour-sergeant of the K company 3rd Battalion of the Buffs, said the rifle produced 381, was the prisoner's and the bayonet was also his. Both were kept behind prisoner's bed.

Cross-examined: the prisoner bore a good character. He was 19 years and six months old.

Mr. Richard Jackson said he was a surgeon of the 3rd Buffs. On the evening of the 31st May he was called to No. 7 room, and there found Donohue in bed. He was lying undressed, very pale, pulseless and nearly dead. There was a punctured wound in the lower part of the belly, but very little blood to be seen. Witness adopted measures to arrest the internal bleeding, and after a few minutes the man rallied, and made several remarks. He said he was dying, and wondered what his poor wife would do. Witness consulted the surgeon of the regiment as to the advisability of operating, with a view to save life, but it was plainly evident that any operation would be useless. He died about twenty minutes after witness got there. Witness made a post mortem examination, and found the depth of the wound was six inches. The deceased died from loss of blood arising from the wound. The bayonet produced was such an instrument as would cause such a wound.

By his Lordship: The direction of the wound was downwards, backwards, outwards, towards the right hip-bone.

Mr. Sanders said he was Superintendent of Police of the Borough of Dover, and on the night of the 31st May he was called to the Citadel Barracks. He received the prisoner into custody. He examined the bedding, but did not find any blood on it. On the blankets he found a hole such as would be caused by a bayonet. The bayonet produced was handed to him in the guard room. He found the rifle at the back of prisoner's bed. He charged the prisoner with the murder, and took him towards the dead-house where the body was lying, and on the way there he said, “The _____ he won'' report any more men.”

Brown was recalled, and said he was in the room when the last witness was there. Both the deceased's and the prisoner's beds were pointed out to him.

Mr. Hardy then addressed the Jury for the defence. It was quite unnecessary, he said, for him to ask for their kind and patient consideration, for that he was sure they would give. To any case brought before them they would attend patiently and considerately, but still more so to the present where the prisoner at the bar was charged with taking the life of the deceased soldier. He did not propose to put before them any theory, nor to suggest that the prisoner's hand was not the hand that struck the fatal blow, for it would be idle and impossible for him to do so, but it would lay before them the facts and point out those favourable to the prisoner, and then it would be their duty to say whether they would find the prisoner guilty of the grave crime of murder. The act was, without doubt, committed under a certain kind of impulse; it was not the act of a cowardly assassin who plotted long before he committed the act what he was about to do; nor was it the act of a cowardly robber who, for plunder, would take the life of another. From the time that the prisoner was complained of to the time that the deed was committed, very few minutes could have elapsed, though one of the witnessed had mentioned the time as being from twenty minutes to half-an-hour. After the prisoner had gone to bed, the first thing they heard of him was stumbling against Stephenson's bed, with a poker in his hand, and he said “I am going to hit Donohue;” and if he had been allowed to go on with his intent, quite probably the sad event would never have happened.

His Lordship having summed up, the Jury found the prisoner guilty, but recommended him to mercy on account of his youth.

The learned Judge, after a solemn pause, proceeded to pass sentence of death, alluding as he did so to the merciful recommendations of the Jury, for which reason he said he would add no words of his own. The sentence, he said, was that of the law, and he simply passed the sentence in the usual form.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 7 March, 1873.


An inquest was held of Saturday last at the “Albion Inn,” Hawkesbury Street, before the Borough Coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., and an intelligent Jury, on the body of Henry Cole, a private in the Rifle Brigade, who was found dead in his bed on Saturday morning.

David Ross deposed: I am a colour-sergeant in the H Company of the 1st Batt. Rifle Brigade stationed at the Shaft Barracks. The deceased man was in the same company. He was a private. He had been over 13 years in the service and was a little over 33 years of age. He was a steady, sober man. He was not at all addicted to drink. I last saw him alive when I served out the pay in the Barrack-room on Friday morning at about 12 o'clock; he then seemed to be in his usual health and did not complain of anything. The deceased had recently become rather corpulent. He had been assistant cook for the last twelve months. I was called into the barrack-room this morning at about half-past six to see the deceased, as I had been informed that he was dead. I looked at him and saw that he was dead. He was lying on his side, in an easy natural position. There were no marks of violence on him. There had been no quarrels in the room where he slept. He was not a quarrelsome man and was much liked by the company. He had three good conduct stripes.

A verdict of death from natural causes was returned.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 13 March, 1874.


A soldier of the 9th Regiment, named William Crisp, fell down dead while on guard at the North Entrance, Western Heights, Dover, on Tuesday morning. On the following day the Borough Coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., held an inquest on the body, at the “Albion Inn,” Hawkesbury Street.

The following were the Jury:- Mr. R. Thomas (foreman), G. T. Wilkins, J. Phipps, R. White, J. Kittell, T. Middleton, W. Culmer, J. Mynall, G. Downs, C. Parfitt, E. Clark, B. Pater, and J. Hennessey.
After the body, lying at the Military Hospital had been viewed, the following evidence was taken.

John Smith, a private in the 2nd Battalion 9th Regiment, stationed at the Grand Shaft Barracks, Dover, said: The deceased was a full Corporal in the same Regiment. I have known him for two or three years. His health was generally good. I never heard him complain of anything, and he did his duty like other men. His age was 32 years. I found him yesterday morning about five minutes to nine o'clock. He was on guard in the guard-room at the North Entrance, and it was time for him to come to relieve the sentry. I went to tell him and I found him sitting down. He was nearly dead. I saw him fetch one breath after, and he then appeared to be dead. I fetched the doctor, leaving two men with him. When I came back he was dead. He was taken to the Hospital.

Alexander Fisher Bartley, Surgeon-Major of the 2nd Battalion 9th Regiment, said: Yesterday morning I was called to see the deceased William Crisp. I examined him and found he was quite dead. I believe he died a natural death. I could not tell the cause of death without making a post mortem examination, so that the cause of death might be recorded. Two or three jurymen were very much in favour of a post mortem examination, but eventually they agreed in an open verdict of “Natural Causes.”


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 10 September, 1875.


An inquest was held at the "Albion Inn," Hawkesbury Street,  on Wednesday afternoon, on the body of Thomas Cuthberton, a corporal of the 104th regiment, who died suddenly the previous day.

Charles Headey, colour-sergeant in the 104th Regiment, quartered at the Grand Shaft Barracks said: The deceased was a corporal in our regiment. He was supposed to be in good health, and always attended to duty. He was 38 years of age. His habits were regular. Yesterday the deceased came to me in the barrack-room after we had marched from the brigade parade ground beyond the Castle and asked me to give him a penny to get a pint of beer as he did not feel very well. About five minutes after he returned from the "Canteen" to the barrack-room and lay on his bed saying he did not feel very well. He lay there about two minutes when he exclaimed, "Oh Charlie, Charlie, I do feel so bad." I sent at once for a doctor. The doctor arrived in less than three minutes and the deceased only gasped twice after the doctor came and then died. I had been bathing his head with water. We had not marched very quickly from the parade ground, but the sun had been very hot. He was in full dress but not heavily loaded.

Surgeon-Major Lucus George Hooper, of the 104th Regt., said: I was called yesterday morning at 1.40 p.m. to the barracks. I went at once and found the deceased Corporal Cuthberton dying. He lived about three minutes after I arrived. I should say from the general appearance of the deceased, and what I have learned since of his history that he probably died from heart disease. If a man had heart disease the marching yesterday in the hot sun would be very trying to him. He had not been to the hospital for several months past.

A verdict of death from natural causes was returned.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 19 January, 1877. Price 1d.


No doubt most of our readers have during the past week had their attentions  diverted to the extensive circulating bills or to the advertisements in the newspapers to the effect that a lad, fifteen years of age, names Sussex Evans, last in the employ of Mr. Harvey, Snargate Street, had mysteriously disappeared. he had been sent to the Harbour Station of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, on Saturday evening, the 6th inst., to meet the 6.30 train on its arrival with the evening papers, and as he did not return with them, enquiries were made at the station and it was found  that he had not been there. Nothing was seen or heard of him till the following Saturday morning, when the body of the unfortunate lad was recovered in the Wellington Dock with a man who was grappling there. As no one seems to have seen him at the time, it is quite uncertain how he got into the water, but the supposition is that as the body was found abreast of a crane that stands on the quay he might  have been playing with the handle and fell in; another is that there are often bulks of timber lying close to the edge of the quay and it being dark he might possibly have tripped over one of these and fallen into the water. An enquiry was held before the Borough Coroner (W. H. Payne Esq." and a jury last Saturday afternoon, at the "Albion Inn," and the following was the evidence taken:-

Mr. Thomas Harvey said: I am stationer and bookseller carryiong on business at Snargate Street. The deceased Sussex Evans, was in my employ as an errand boy. He had been with me two or three years. His age was fifteen. His mother is living at Folkestone. He was a very steady lad. I last saw him alive about six o'clock last Saturday evening, when he left my shop for the railway station for the newspapers. I afterwards went myself to the station and found he had not been there, and I heard nothing of him since until to-day when his body was picked up. he was not subject to fits; he always seemed a very healthy boy.

William Johnson said: I am a mariner, living in Dover. between ten and eleven o'clock this morning I was in a boat in the Wellington Dock grappling for the body of the deceased right opposite the upper crane, about twenty of thirty feet off the quay and i succeeded in bringing the body to the surface. I then got it into the boat and sent to the station to inform the police and with their assistance took him to the dead house. I did not see any marks of violence on the body.

Edwin Duke, surgeon, practicing in Dover, said: This morning I was sent for about ten o'clock by the police to see the body which was lying at the dead house. I went immediately and examined the body but found no marks of violence except a contused wound of the nose, which I attributed to his striking something on his falling from the quay into the water. There is no doubt but that his death was the result of drowning.

An open verdict was returned to the effect that the deceased was found drowned, there being no evidence to show how he came into the water.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 28 August, 1891. Price 1d.



A question was asked by a Magistrate about the transfer of the license of this house, but nothing arose out of it, and the license was renewed.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 5 May, 1897. Price 1d.


The present landlord of the "Albion Inn" writes to say that the alleged gambling referred to in our report of the Watch Committee took place before the house changed hands.



A strong temperance body was active in the town early this century and they reminded the Justices at every opportunity of their responsibilities under the Compensation Act. This one was brought to their notice, first in 1909, and again in 1911. It boasted three bars, with a clubroom over. The town were faced with the task of clearing the area for redevelopment and that meant their opposition to the licence was added to that of the others that year.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 5 February, 1909.



This was an objection to the renewal of the licence of the Albion Hotel, Hawkesbury Street, kept by Mr. R. Panter, by the Chief Constable.

Mr. R. Mowll said he appeared for the tenant, who decided to ask for a renewal of the licence.

The Chief Constable said that the "Albion Inn," situated in Hawkesbury Street, was fully licensed. The brewers were Messrs. Gardner and Co., Ash brewery. The present tenant was Mr. R. Panter, to whom it was transferred on the 7th April, 1905. The rateable value was 40 gross, 30 net. The licensed houses in the immediate neighbourhood were the "Railway Inn," Hawkesbury Street, 34 yards distant, the "Neptune Hall," Hawkesbury Street, 64 yards; and in the Pier district, the south-west side of the Chatham and Dover Railway, there were 29 licensed premises, including he buffets and excluding the "Lord Warden Hotel." There were 379 houses.

The Mayor: Are all the houses occupied? - I have not gone through them.

The Mayor: Two-thirds? - I do not think that - but a good many.

The Mayor: That would leave one public house to every ten occupied houses? - Yes. There are about 2000 people in the Pier. In Hawkesbury Street there are 23 houses, including the three public houses. The frontage of the "Albion Inn" was 18ft., but included a passage it is built over 26ft. There is a large club room upstairs. there is a font bar, a private bar, and a bar parlour, which is also used for domestic purposes. There are two entrance doors. On Saturday, January 16th, at 12.20, there were three customers. On Wednesday, January 20th, at 2.25 p.m. there were two customers. On Saturday, January 23rd at 10 a.m. three customers. On Thursday, January 28th, at 6.30 p.m., six customers.

The Mayor: Were the customers men or women? - On the last occasion there were two women with their husbands, very respectable people.

Cross-examined: I think you excluded the "Lord Warden Hotel" as not being a fair house to compare with the "Albion?" - There is no bar there.

You include such houses as the "King's Head" and "Dover Castle?" - There are bars there.

They do a very different trade from the "Albion?"- Just so.

In reply to further questions witness said the tenant was highly respectable, and apparently doing a very respectable trade. He did not know as to its quality, but he did feel some customers there.

Did you consider that the times selected the times you would be likely to find many customers there? - No doubt if I had gone on the club night, I should have found a lot there, but I have no feeling in the matter.

Witness, in reply to the Mayor, said that he went on a morning, afternoon, and evening. He selected them in all fairness as he had no feeling in the matter.

Mr. Mowll said that he had been instructed by the tenant to ask for the renewal of the licence, and the reason was because the "Albion" did a considerable trade. It seemed to him that when one was considering the question of the renewal of licences on the ground that they were not required, the question whether the house was doing a good trade or not was one that ought to weigh very considerably with the Bench. It was rather hard on the tenant that his licence should be taken away from him, and the trade given to a house close by. He could hardly conceive that the other houses were doing the same trade as this. Therefore it seemed to him that they had got hold of the wrong end of the stick, and that this house, which did a good trade, should have been left alone, on the board principle of survival of the fittest. The Compensation Act would provide the tenant with compensation  for the depreciation of the trade fixtures, and also something for the loss of his trade, but it would give him nothing between the market value of his furniture and what he paid when he took it over at a valuation of what it would be when he was turned out. Consequently, it was a most serious matter for the tenant. He had two clubs using his house, and he was doing a good trade.

The Mayor: Will you put another house against this?

Mr. Mowll: It is not for me to make another dig.

The Mayor: I think it is if you say we have taken the wrong house. I think it is for you to show some other house.

Mr. Mowll: If all houses are doing as good a trade as this, they must all be required. He pointed out that all these houses did not simply cater for the particular cottages in that particular neighbourhood. They were close to where men were employed, and he should say that a large number used the licence houses in this particular neighbourhood who did not live there.

The Mayor said that it was only a question whether the houses were redundant or not. It was not a question whether it did a particular trade.

Mr. Mowll said that in applying that question surely they had got to make a selection on some basis of equality. They could not say there were too many houses in this neighbourhood, and so, as "Albion" begins with "A", we will take that away.

The Bench retired to consider their decisions in the four cases, and returned in a very few moments and announced that each would be put forward for compensation, the licenses would only be provisionally renewed.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 3 February, 1911.



This was a notice of objection to the Eight Bells, New Street, on the ground of redundancy.

Mr. Mowll appeared for the tenant.

The Chief Constable said that the "Albion" was fully licensed, and situated in Hawkesbury Street. The brewers were Messrs. Gardner and Co., Ash.

The Magistrates' Clerk: But it is a free house. It is only as arrangement between the brewer and tenant.

The Chief Constable, corrected himself, said that it was a free house, and Messrs. Gardner and Co. supplied the beer. The present tenant was Mr. R. Panter, and it was transferred to him on April 7th, 1905. The rateable value was gross, 40; net 32. There were nine houses within 150 yards of this house. That did not include the "Lord Warden Hotel." If he had gone to that radius, he would have had 26 houses. The number of licensed houses in the Pier were 26, including the Railways and excluding the "Lord Warden." There were 498 houses in the Pier, 427 occupied, and an estimated population of 2,135.

The Magistrates' Clerk: That is no good, as there is no through traffic.

Cross-examined: What is the objection to the "Albion?" - The number requires reducing.

Why the "Albion?" - We have to select someone.

Two years ago this was before the Bench and referred to the Compensation Authority, who said that they did not see their way to take away the licence? - It was.

Last year it was left alone? - Yes; but one was taken in Hawkesbury Street.

Do you think the Compensation Authority will be able to afford the "Albion?" I do not know; they have a good lot of money.

Are they doing a very good trade? I have nothing to way against the way the house was conducted by Mr. Panter.

Inspector Lockwood said that he visited the "Albion" on January 9th, at 10.30 a.m., and there were five customers; at 9.10 p.m. on the 21st, nineteen customers; 12 noon, 23rd, two customers; 3 p.m. 25th, no customers; 5.53 p.m., 31st January, three customers; 7.00 p.m., February 3rd, four customers.

Cross-examined: Do you put these figures forward as indicating the trade the house is doing? - I visited it six times, morning and evening.

Do you think it fair to take a visit like that, for instance, February 3rd, you say there were only four people in at 7.30? That seems very small. - Yes.

Would it surprise you to hear that on Friday, February 3rd, the number of customers was 222? - I do not know, I know a club is held there.

You think that is a club night? Has your informant told you that the club is held there on Thursday, and that the figures for that night were 175? - I did not know the club night.

Mr. Mowll added that on one Saturday night the number of customers was 245, and on another 310. Did the Inspector think it was fair to take that trade from a tenant and cast it upon another house in that neighbourhood? Well, perhaps, it was not fair to put that question to the Inspector?

Inspector Lockwood: I do not think it is.

Mr. Mowll handed in a petition signed by 127 residents against the "Albion" being closed.

The Magistrates without retiring, stated that the house would be sent forward to the Compensation Authorities to deal with.


From Dover Express 21 July 1911.


In regard to the proposed close of the "Albion," Hawkesbury Street, the premises of which are the property of the Corporation, who had agreed to its closure, and hoped to be able to reduce the rates with part of the Compensation money, they was a dispute. Messrs. Gardner and Co., brewers, pressed strongly for the renewal of the licence, and it was eventually granted.


From the Folkestone Express, Saturday, 17 August, 1911.



A meeting of the East Kent Licensing Compensation Authority was held at the Sessions House, Longport, Canterbury, on Wednesday, under the chairmanship of the Right Hon, Lord Harris. No objections were raised to the abandonment of the following licenses, the renewals of which were accordingly refused:- “Albion,” Hawkesbury Street, Dover (Robert Panter).


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 9 February, 1912.



There was a notice of objection against the renewal of the licence of the "Albion," Hawkesbury Street, (occupied by Mr. R. Panter) on the grounds of redundancy.

The Chief Constable said that the house was fully licensed and belonging to the Corporation. The licence was transferred to the present tenant, April 7th, 1905. The rateable value was 40 gross, 32 net/ The licensed premises on the immediate vicinity were the "Railway Inn," 34 yards, the "Shakespeare" 100 yards; the "Swan" 100 yards; the "Pavilion" 110 yards; the "Archliffe Fort" 110 yards; "Hotel de Paris" 119 yards; the "Lion" 136 yards; the "Granville" 152 yards; and the "Two Brewers" 119 yards. The number of licensed houses in the Pier was 25 including the "Railway Buffet". The number of occupied houses in the Pier was 435 houses, and the number unoccupied 44, making a total of 479. The estimated population 2,070 thus there were 82 persons to each licensed house.

Chief Inspector Lockwood stated that he visited the "Albion" on Saturday, January 20th, at 8.30 p.m. and found 12 customers. On Friday, January 26th, at 3.10 p.m. there were no customers. Monday, January 29th, at 2 p.m. two customers, Tuesday, January 30th, at 5.50 p.m. no customers, Wednesday, January 31st, at 12.45 p.m. six customers, and on Thursday, February 1st, at 10 a.m., four customers.

The Magistrates, without retiring, intimated that the renewal of the licenses would be withheld, and the houses sent forward to the Compensation Authority to deal with.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 26 January, 1912.


The Magistrate are asking that the following houses shall be remitted to the Licensing Compensation Authority, with a view to the licenses being taken away and the owners and tenants compensated: The “Albion,” Hawkesbury Street, owned by the Dover Corporation. It has already been before the Brewster Sessions, but on account of its large trade retained its licence.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 9 February , 1912.


The annual licensing sessions were held at the Town Hall on Monday at noon, before the following Magistrates:- The Mayor (Councillor W. Bromley), Sir William Crundall, Messrs. E. Chitty, T. A. Terson, and J. L. Bradley.


There was a notice of objection against the renewal of the license of the “Albion,” Hawkesbury Street (occupied by Mr. Panter), on the grounds of redundancy.

The Chief Constable said that the house was fully licensed, and belonged to the Corporation. The license was transferred to the present tenant on April 7th, 1905. The rateable value was 40 gross, 32 net. The licensed houses in the immediate vicinity were the “Railway Inn,” 34 years; the “Shakespeare,” 109 yards; the “Swan,” 109 yards; the “Pavillion,” 116 yards; the “Archliffe Fort,” 118 yards; the “Hotel de Paris,” 119 yards; the “Lion,” 138 yards; the “Granville,” 132 yards; and the “Two Brewers,” 149 yards. The number of licensed houses in the Pier was 25, including the Railway buffet and excluding the “Lord Warden.” The number of occupied houses in the pier was 415, and the number of unoccupied 64, making a total of 479 houses. The estimated population was 2,070; thus there were 82 persons to each licensed house.

Chief Inspector Lockwood stated that he visited the “Albion” on Saturday, January 20th, at 8.30 p.m. and found 12 customers. On Friday, January 26th, at 3.10 p.m., there were no customers; Monday, January 29th, at 2.45 p.m., two customers; Tuesday, January 30th, at 5.50 p.m., no customers; Wednesday, January 31st, at 12.43 p.m., 6 customers; and on Thursday, February 1st, at 10 a.m., 4 customers.



The estimated population of the district at that time was 2,135. There were 498 houses and 427 of them were still occupied. Twenty four of them were licensed. In close proximity to the "Albion" were the "Railway Inn" 34 yards away, the "Shakespeare Inn" 109 yards, likewise the "Swan". The "Pavilion" 116 yards, the "Archcliffe Fort Inn" 118 yards, the "Hotel de Paris" 119 yards, the "Lion" 138, the "Granville Inn" 132 and the "Two Brewers" 149 yards.


My notes do not show whether it was dealt with ultimately by the Corporation or the Compensation Authority. I expect both were involved. Two things are certain. The house was town property by February 1912 and was demolished in July 1913.



BROADBRIDGE M O 1832-45 (age 35 in 1841Census) Pigot's Directory 1840

RICKMAN J Mr 1845+

KEASLEY Thomas D 1851-52 (age 27 in 1851Census)

WALL William 1857-74 (age 58 in 1871Census) Post Office Directory 1874Dover Express

SOUTHEY Edwin 1877

Last pub licensee had? ELGAR James 1879 end

ATTAWAY Charles 1881+ (age 22 in 1881Census)

ATTAWAY Thomas 1882 Post Office Directory 1882

CASE Thomas Ballard 1888

LEADBETTER William 1888 end

CASS T B 1888-91

CLAYSON Isaac Stephen 1891 (age 45 in 1891Census) Post Office Directory 1891

DILMOTT James 1895

ELGAR Mr J to Feb/1897 Dover Express

CAHILL Mr A Feb/1897+ Dover Express

CASPELL/CARPNELL John Frank 1899-Apr/1905 Next pub licensee had (age 35 in 1901Census) Kelly's Directory 1899Post Office Directory 1903Post Office Directory 1903Kelly's 1903

Last pub licensee had PANTER Robert Apr/1905-12 (age 44 in 1911Census)


Pigot's Directory 1840From the Pigot's Directory 1840

Post Office Directory 1874From the Post Office Directory 1874

Post Office Directory 1882From the Post Office Directory 1882

Post Office Directory 1891From the Post Office Directory 1891

Pikes 1895From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1895

Kelly's Directory 1899From the Kelly's Directory 1899

Post Office Directory 1903From the Post Office Directory 1901

Post Office Directory 1903From the Post Office Directory 1903

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

Dover ExpressFrom the Dover Express



If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-