72 Snargate Street
The western docks, in 1880, with Snargate Street in the
foreground showing some of the properties swept away when Commercial
Quay was enlarged. The buildings now gone include those of the Duke of
Cambridge Inn, left, (marked with an X), The Grand Shaft Inn, the Mitre Hotel and Bishop,
On the east side, facing the Grand Shaft; there were no less than four
public houses - the "Mitre." the "Lord Roberts," the "Duke of Cambridge" and
the "Duke of York," These houses were attacked by the Dover Temperance
Council in 1895 when it was hoped by the precedent of the Sharp and
Wakefield case, to get some of them closed on the ground that they were not
all needed by the general public. Mr Boulter, a chimney sweep, who lived
next door to the "Duke of Cambridge," was the nominal objector. Owing to his
objection, the "Duke of Cambridge" licence was refused at the Dover
Licensing sessions, but, on appeal to the East Kent Quarter Sessions, the
licence was renewed, and Mr Boulter was ordered to pay the costs.
Backed by the Temperance Party throughout England, Mr Boulter appealed
against that order, and the case was carried, in his name, through all the
superior Courts to the House of Lords, when he succeeded on the question of
costs. Mr Boulter, who was an aged man at the time, died in 1898. "The Duke
of Cambridge" was closed in 1912; "The Duke of York" went six years earlier;
"The Lord Roberts" in 1913; whilst "The Mitre" crossed the road when
alterations were made in 1930.
Information taken from John Bavington-Jones' book "A Perambulation of
the Town, Port and Fortress of Dover", 1906. (Reprint in The South Kent
Gazette, March 5th, 1980.)
This faced the grand shaft which led to the barracks above and was an
outlet of Kingsford, which, by 1895, had passed to George Beer. It must be
said though, that in 1864, Weston appears to own it.
Bagshar's directory of 1847 mentions an eating house at 72 Snargate
Street, although doesn't give a name, other than the proprietor being a
Zacharia Simmonds. That dates this address to before the Duke of Cambridge
being a drinking establishment.
The magistrate refused to renew the license when Mr. Evans applied for
one in 1878 saying "the house did
not possess the requisite accommodation," but I do have a succession of
licensees there during 1880, if the records are correct.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 12 February, 1880. Price 1d.
John Booth and John Stokes, labourers, were charged with stealing from
the “Duke of Cambridge” public-house, Snargate Street, four china spirit
barrels, five pictures in frames, one looking glass, one chair, one
Kidderminster carpet, one toilet cover, two basins, two jugs, two
chambers, three half-pint glasses, and two jugs, and several other small
articles to the value of about £3.
Mr. Mowll appeared on behalf of the prosecution.
Edwin Fenn, clerk to Messrs. Worsfold and Hayward , market Square, Dover
said: I went to the “Duke of Cambridge” public-house with a gentleman
on the 29th January, for the purpose of showing him over it. I saw the
things produced in the house, and in particular the pictures and china
barrels. The house has been lately unoccupied. I locked all the house up
and brought the key away. On the 2nd of February I went again with
another gentleman for the purpose of showing him over, when, on opening
the front door, I saw the back door was open, also the grating which
leads from the yard into the cellar was taken away and placed on the
other side of the yard against the wall. I missed some of the things ,
so I gave information to Messrs. Worsfold and Hayward, and the
Superintendent of Police.
Superintendent Sanders said: From what I heard last night, I, in company
of Sergeant Hemmings, went to Stokes’s house at medway Cottages, between
11 and 12 o’clock. He was not in, so we waited for him till he did come,
which was about 12. I asked him if he would allow me to look over his
house. He gave me permission and said he had nothing except what
belonged to him. I searched the house, and in the washroom found the
stone jar now produced, and the name Kingsford, wine and spirit
merchant, Dover, on it. I asked him where he got it, and he said amongst
some other things be bought at a house on Waterloo Crescent. Afterward
he said he got it from Mr. Joyce, at Buckland. We then left and went
direct to 6, Chapel Court, Snargate Street, and remained in the vicinity
until half-past five, when Serrgeant Hemmings tapped at the bedroom
window and was answered by a female. The Sergeant asked for Mr. Booth,
who soon after came to the upstair window and asked what we wanted.
Hemmings said who we were, and said we wanted to speak to him, and asked
him to come downstairs. He said come again tomorrow, and he shut the
window. I then got the assistance of two constables and a sergeant in
uniform. I places Police-constable William Cadman at the door, and
directed him to knock again, which he did, and prisoner again came to
the window with a chamber in his hand and threatened to throw it at us
if we didn’t go away. He used very obscene and abusive language. I told
him I should not go away until he came down. He reached out of the
window and threw an earthenware pot at Cadman which struck him on the
shoulder, and then the prisoner threw a water bottle which struck the
same policeman on the helmet. We remained an hour and a quarter waiting
for the prisoner tom open the door, and during that time the prisoner
Stokes came up the passage within five or six yards of us, and then said
“Oh!” and was making off, only Sergeant Hammings stopped him and said he
should charge him with being concerned along with the prisoner Booth in
a robbery of furniture, &c. , from the “Duke of Cambridge” public-house,
Snargate Street. Stokes said he had come up to wake the prisoner Booth
to go to work. Shortly after the prisoner Booth opened the door and we
arrested him. I gave the two prisoners into the custody of the two
constables, and Sergeant Hemmings and myself went and searched the
house, finding in the sitting-room cupboard, four spirit barrels, two
basins, the toilet cover, and two chambers. I then sent the prisoners to
the station, and we made a further search finding in the same room the
Kidderminster carpet, one chair, a bedroom looking glass, five pictures
in frames, and on a shelf up the stairs, three drinking glasses and two
jugs. All those produced are the same. I had the things removed to the
Police-station, where I went and charged the prisoners with stealing the
goods. Stokes said he knew nothing about it, except that he was going to
call the man up. Booth expressed the wish that he had killed Cadman. All
the goods have been identified by one of the clerks of Messrs. Worsfold
and Hayward, auctioneers, Dover, as some of the goods belonging to the
“Duke of Cambridge,” public-house, which is unoccupied.
A remand was asked for and granted by the Bench till Tuesday, 17th
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 20 February, 1880. Price 1d.
John Booth and John Stokes, labourers, were brought up on remand charged
with stealing from the “Duke of Cambridge” public-house, Snargate
Street, on or about the 2nd instant, four china spirit barrels, five
pictures in frames, one looking-glass, one chair, one Kiderminster
carpet, one toilet cover, two basins, two jugs, two chambers, three
half-pint glasses, and several other articles to the value of about £3,
the property of Messrs. Kingsford Bros., brewers, Dover.
Mr. Worsfold Mowll appeared for the prosecution.
The evidence of Edwin Finn, clerk of Messrs. Worsfold and Hayward, Dover
and Superintendent Sanders was then read and confirmed, which was
reported in our last week’s edition.
Henry Hayward, of the firm Messrs. Worsfold and Hayward, auctioneers and
valuers, Market Square, Dover, said: I made an inventory of the contents
of the “Duke of Cambridge” public-house in July last year, as I had the
letting of it. On the 26th of last month I checked the inventory and
value of the contents. I have looked at the articles previously produced
and find they all correspond with similar articles described in my
inventory. I can positively identify the four china spirit barrels and
one of the pictures, a milkmaid. It was my clerk’s duty to show people
over the house for the purpose of letting it. The things missing
altogether are valued at about £15.
Henry Wellard, a labourer working for Mr. Still, contractor, and living
at Paris Yard, said: I know the two prisoners by sight. Last Sunday week
I saw them at the “Duke of York” public-house. Snargate Street, about
dinner time and again in the evening when I went. On the latter occasion
I heard booth say to the landlord that he had some things for sale, and
the landlord replied that he did not buy on Sundays. Stokes said to
Booth, “If you have got anything for sale speak to the man (meaning the
landlord) in the morning.” That is all I know as I was not listening to
Henry James Pritchards, landlord of the “Duke of York,” Snargate Street,
said: I know the prisoners as customers of mine since I took the house
on quarter day, the 6th of January last. I attended a sale at the
“Providence” public-house and bid for some spirit barrels, but did not
purchase them. I recollect saying a short time after to some men in the
bar that I had attended the sale and bid for some spirit barrels, but
Mr. Young of “Neptune’s Hall” had bought them. I remember there were
five or six in the bar, but did not notice the two prisoners as being
amongst them, but from what I have heard since I believe they must have
been. The prisoners came to my house on Sunday week at dinner time and
in the evening, each time together, when Booth told me he had something
that would suit me. I said I didn’t do business on Sundays. Stokes said,
“talk to the man in the morning.” There was a lot of whispering between
the two prisoners. They remained till shut up time, 10 o’clock. I heard
they were apprehended next day.
Edward Finn, of the firm Messrs. Worsfold and Hayward, said: The bottle
produced, which the Superintendent said had been found at Stokes’s
house, was similar to those of the “Duke of Cambridge.”
James Joyse said: I am landlord of the “Rose and Crown” public-house,
Buckland. The bottle produced I have never sold to the prisoner Stokes.
I never dealt with Messrs. Kingsford Bros., but with Mr. Court. I have
sold Stokes several other things, but believe no bottles in baskets like
the one produced.
The prisoner Booth made no reply in answer to the charge.
Prisoner Stokes said: I know nothing whatever about this affair. I went
to call Stokes in the morning as usual and I knew nothing of what he had
in his house that did not belong to him. My daughter and another woman
who lodges with us knows better how the bottle came into my house.
The prisoner called on behalf of the defence, Mrs. Jane Cox, who said: I
live as a lodger with the prisoner Stokes, and have done so since April
last. I have seen the bottle produced in the houses ever since I came as
a lodger. I saw it before Stokes came out of prison in November last. I
believe his wife brought it home. I was not well and did not come to
court last week. On Monday week the prisoner’s daughter said, in answer
to my missing it, that the bottle had been taken away by the police. I
did not know why Stokes was locked up.
The bench dismissed the prisoner Stokes and committed Booth to the
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 16 April, 1880.
John Booth, labourer, was charged with stealing from the “Duke of
Cambridge” public-house , Snargate Street, four china spirit barrels,
one Kidderminster carpet, two basins, one arm chair, one looking glass,
five pictures with frames, and several other small articles to the value
of £6 16s., the property of Messrs. Kingsford Bros., brewers, Dover,
between the dates of the 29th of January and 2nd February last.
The prisoner pleaded “Not Guilty.”
Mr. Croft prosecuted.
Mr. Henry Hayward, of the firm Worsfold and Hayward, auctioneers,
valuers, and estate agents, Market Square, Dover, said: Last July
Messrs. Kingsford Bros. made us agents for the letting of the
public-house called the “Duke of Cambridge,” Snargate Street. An
inventory was at once made on the contents of the house, and amongst
them all those mentioned in the charge. I can identify the spirit
barrels, the arm chair, and one of the pictures produced. I saw them on
the 26th of January last.
Edwin Fenn, clerk to the previous witness, said: On the 29th of January
last I went to the “Duke of Cambridge” with a gentleman to show him over
the house. It was then untenanted. When we left I locked all the doors.
On Monday, 2nd February, I went with another gentleman. I opened the
front door with a key and then saw the back door was open and the
grating which leads to the cellar at the back pulled up. A man could get
down from the cellar up the kitchen stairs. I missed the barrels and
other things, but did not know what they were. I gave information to the
Henry James Richards said: I am landlord of the “Duke of York.” The
prisoner was in the habit of using my house. On Sunday, 1st February,
the prisoner and another man names Stokes came into my house, and whilst
there the prisoner said he had something that would just suit me. I told
him I bought nothing on Sunday. Stokes then said to Booth “talk to him,”
meaning myself, “another time.”
By the prisoner: My house is next door to the “Duke of Cambridge.” I
said I would but anything in a legal way, but not on Sunday.
Superintendent Sanders said: On Sunday, the 8th February, I went to the
house of a man named Stokes at 11 o’clock at night. He was not in, but
he came soon after. We searched the house and found one spirit jar with
the name of Kingsford Bros. on it, and from there we went to 6, Chapel
Court, the prisoner’s residence. We arrived about half-past eleven and
stopped till five, and then I told Police-sergeant Hemmings who was with
me to tap at the window. He did so, and a woman came to the window, and
Hemmings said we wanted to see Booth, the prisoner came to the window,
but told us to come tomorrow. Hemmings told him who we were. The
prisoner shut the window. I then got the assistance of two constables in
uniform, and Police-constable Cadman was one of them. I told Cadman to
tap at the door, and in answer the prisoner came to the window and said
if we didn’t go he would empty the chamber over us. We knocked again and
the prisoner threw a soap dish and a bottle at us, the latter hitting
Cadman on the shoulder. The prisoner came down soon after and let us in.
We searched the house and found four barrels, two jugs, one chair, one
Kidderminster carpet, five pictures, one looking glass, three drinking
glasses, and other small articles. Stokes had come up the passage, but
on seeing us was about to go back when I had him apprehended. We took
them both to the station, and they were charged with stealing the goods
produced. Booth (the prisoner) said Stokes knew nothing about the
robbery. Stokes has been dismissed since by the Magistrates. The
prisoner has been sentenced to six weeks’ for assaulting a policeman.
The “Duke of Cambridge” public-house is about 60 yards from where
The prisoner, I his defence, said they were left at his house whilst he
was at work, and he didn’t know who left them. The man told his wife to
tell him (the prisoner) to sell them for him. He had not seen the man
The Jury returned a verdict of “Guilty.”
The Superintendent said the prisoner was convicted in April, 1876, for
stealing, and was sentenced to 10 months’ imprisonment.
The Recorder sentenced the prisoner to a further term of imprisonment of
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 20 June, 1890.
APPLICATION FOR PERMISSION TO DRAW
Mr. Spain applied on behalf of Mr. Charles Wallis for permission to draw
at the “Duke of Cambridge,” the outgoing tenant being Mr. Thomas Goulden.
It was adjourned till to-day.
At the Sessions of 1895 the licence renewal was refused because an
objection was made by 8 resident in the street. When that was later ruled
out of order and he was asked for costs he appealed to the House of Lords
and they decided, on 26 July 1897, that any inhabitant who objects before
the annual licensing meeting to the renewal of a pub's licence, would not be
liable to pay the costs of the case.
Mrs. Weston was the proprietor at that time, when her defence presented
it as a well established and respectable house. Whatever it was, history was
made that year. The licensee's life was no bed of roses as William Beer
found when he kept this pub from 1898 to 1901. He always retained his job as
a miner because he maintained that without other employment a living was not
When you consider that of seven consecutive houses facing the Grand Shaft
Barracks, five were licensed, and within thirty yards, on the other side of
the street were "York House" and the "Ordnance" who could disagree. If
anyone should, he could always draw attention to the dozen pubs, all within
two hundred yards which existed on Commercial Quay.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 13
The license of the "Duke of Cambridge" was temporarily transferred
from Mr. Harmer to Mr. T. A. Olver formerly of the "Granville
Inn," Folkestone, and an ex-Navy man. At present he is employed by
Messrs. Pearson and Son Ltd.
In the event the pub did well to survive until 1912. That year however
the licence was withheld and it was referred to the Compensation Authority,
although the licensee, Miss Jane Kennett was mentioned as having the pub in
the 1913 Post Office Directory.
I have no figures for that particular year but there is little doubt that
was the end. Which brings to mind an earlier date which could have spelt
curtains. That was January 1908, when a passer by noted smoke and raised the
alarm. Miss Kennett the hostess made a habit of sleeping at the "George
Hotel" so was not on the premises. The building was saved but the bar
parlour was destroyed.
From the Dover Express. 3 January 1908.
Fire in Snargate Street.
Narrow Escape of the Duke of Cambridge.
Early yesterday morning about three o’clock, Mr. Martin of 22 Commercial
Quay, who was getting up to attend to the morning boat perceived that
the bar parlour of the Duke of Cambridge public house was in flames. He
at once ran up Snargate Street and met Police Constable Potts who sent
for the hose reel from Queen Street, and proceeded to the outbreak
himself. On arriving he got through Mr. Martin’s house and burst open
the back door of the public house. He found that there was no one on the
premises but that the parlour was well alight. The hose reel arrived
shortly afterwards and a standpipe was fixed in Commercial Quay. A good
supply of water was obtained and the fire soon got under. Meanwhile the
hose reel from the Pier Fire Station arrived. Inspector Fox, and a
number of constables were soon present. It seems that the landlady Mrs
Kennett does not sleep on the premises, but at the George Hotel, which
is kept by relatives. When she left the house there was a large fire in
the bar parlour, and for safety’s sake the carpet in front of the fire
was rolled. A cinder must however have got out on the floor and set the
boards alight. The fire was quickly extinguished but the bar parlour was
practically gutted, the floor boards and the thick joists being burnt
through, so that it was not safe to stand on them. But before Mr. Martin
giving the alarm there is no doubt that the fire would have gained such
hold that the house would have been burnt down.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 26 January, 1912.
LICENSING COMPENSATION ACT
The Magistrate are asking that the following houses shall be remitted
to the Licensing Compensation Authority, with a view to the licenses
being taken away and the owners and tenants compensated:
The “Duke of Cambridge,” Free House, Snargate Street, opposite the Grand
Shaft. It was in a previous objection to this licence that the
celebrated test case so well known in the licensing law took place.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 9 February , 1912.
DOVER LICENSING SESSIONS
The annual licensing sessions were held at the Town Hall on Monday at
noon, before the following Magistrates:- The Mayor (Councillor W.
Bromley), Sir William Crundall, Messrs. E. Chitty, T. A. Terson, and J.
THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE
There was a similar notice of objection in regard the “Duke of
Cambridge,” Snargate Street (occupied by Miss Lucy Kennett).
Chief Inspector Lockwood stated that he visited the house on the same
dates as in the previous case, and found no customers on any occasion.
The Chief Constable stated that the house belonged to the Dover Harbour
Board, and was tenanted by Miss Kennett, to whom the licence was
transferred on 1st June, 1906. The rateable value was £25 gross and £20
net. The licensed houses in the vicinity were the “Lord Roberts,” 11
yards away; the “Mitre,” 24 yards; the “York,” 27 yards; the “Ordnance,”
60 yards; the “Golden Anchor,” 50 yards; the “Standard,” 50 yards; the
“New Commercial Quay,” 66 yards; the “Union,” 83 yards; and the “Barley
Mow,” 86 yards.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 9 February, 1912.
DOVER LICENSING SESSIONS
THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, SNARGATE STREET
There was a notice of objection against the renewal of the licence of
the "Duke of Cambridge," Snargate Street, (occupied by Miss Jane
Kennett) on the grounds of redundancy.
Chief Inspector Lockwood stated that he visited this house on the
same dates as those of the "Albion," and found no customers on any
The Chief Constable stated that the house belonged to the Dover
Harbour Board, and was tenanted by Jane Kennett, to whom the licence was
transferred on 1st June, 1906. The rateable value was £25 gross and £20
nett. The licensed premises in the vicinity were the "Lord Roberts," 11
yards away; the "Mitre," 24 yards, the "York," 27 yards; the
"Ordinance," 60 yards; the "Golden Anchor," 50 yards; the "Standard," 50
yards; the "New Commercial Quay," 66 yards; the "Union," 83 yards; and
the "Barley Mow," 86 yards.
The Magistrates, without retiring, intimated that the renewal of the
licenses would be withheld, and the houses sent forward to the
Compensation Authority to deal with.
SIMMONDS Zacharia (Eating house) 1847
WESTON Henry 1864
BLISS Charles Frederick 1873
BRIGGS George 1874 and 1883
ONION Henry 1876
EVANS Mr (Refused license) 1878
PRITCHARD Henry James to Jul/1880
HOLLOWAY William Jul/1880
storekeeper Chatham Dockyard)
BURNABY G T 1880 end
DUNN John 1881
DUNN Charles 1882
HOLLINGSWORTH William 1885 end
MEADOWS James P 1885
RANDALL James William to Jan/1888
BROWNING William Henry Jan/1888+
GOULDEN Thomas 1890
WALLACE Charles 1890-91+
WRAIGHT Harry 1895
SHARP George 1898 end
BEER William Finnis 1898-May/1901
PANTER Robert May/1901-02
McPHERSON Charles 1902 end
WARD Alexander George 1903
HARMER 1904 end
OLIVER Thomas A May/1904-June/1905
FRIEND M A June/1905-June/06
KENNETT Miss Jane June/1906-13
From Bagshaw Directory 1847
From the Post Office Directory 1874
From the Post Office Directory 1882
From the Post Office Directory 1891
From the Kelly's Directory 1899
From the Post Office Directory 1903
From the Post Office Directory 1913
From the Dover Express