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Notes of 1870



From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 4 January, 1870.


In the court of bankruptcy on Friday, before Mr. Registrar Brougham, a first dividend meeting for the additional proof of debts were held under the extensive failure of Robert Percival Evans and John Carburry Evans, of Featherwell Hall, Maidstone, in the County of Kent, hop growers, of High Street, Southwark, in the County of Surrey, hop merchants.

Mr. Bond, from the firm of Messrs. Wilkinson and Co., Solicitors, Nicholas Lane, appeared for the assignees, and Mr. Bernard, of the firm of Messrs. Barnes and Bernard, Solicitors, Great Winchester Street, for creditors.

Mr. Bernard tendered a proof between 4,000 and 5,000 on behalf of Messrs. Prescott, the bankers, which Mr. Bond objected to on the grounds that the creditors held security.

After some discussion, the court admitted it as a claim to be turned into a proof with a fortnight, otherwise to be expunged.

A number of proofs for smaller sums amounting in the aggregate to about 5,000, principally against the separate estate of R. P. Evans, was admitted without discussion.

Mr. Paget, the official assignee, reported that the assets in hand under the joint estate of the bankrupts, were 10,820 8s. 1d., under the separate estate of J. C. Evans, 4,284 18s. 9d., and under that of R. P. Evans, 566 3s. 8d.

His Honour observed that the Bankruptcy Act of 1861 provided that the dividend meeting should be held within 4 months of the date of the adjudication, which had not been done in this case. The 175th section also enacted that if the creditors' assignee has in hand for one week more than 50 and no good cause is shown, he may be debited 20 per cent by the year.

A gentle man who was present remarked that all the creditors were satisfied with the conduct of the assignees.

Mr. Bond explained that some little delay had occurred in consequence of the difficulty in appropriating the assets to the several estates of the bankrupts.

A resolution to divide 10,000 forthwith among the joint creditors was then passed, and resolutions were also passed to divide the whole amounts in hand under the separate estates after deducting necessary costs and charges, and the meeting ended.


Maidstone Telegraph and West Kent Messenger 21 January 1870.

Maidstone Intelligence. Our Publicans Forty Years Ago. (1830)

The following is a list of persons who kept the various public houses in Maidstone nearly forty years ago, which may be interesting to some of our readers:—


"Mitre," Abraham Spencer;

"Marquis of Granby," Samuel Long;

"Star," William Scoons;

"Sun," Stephen Stonham;

"Queens Head," Ann Bennett;

"Swan" (now Messrs, Paine and Tapley's), David Parly;

"Haunch of Venison," Ann Down;

"Rose and Crown," Thomas Chantler;

"Red Lion" (now Mr Spooner's), John Bullam;

"Turk's Head," Henry Oliver;

"Rodney's Head" (now the "Admiral Rodney"), George Charlton.

Week Street:

"Nag's Head," Ann Hills;

"Castle," Charles French;

"Bell," Valentine Wildish;

"Roebuck," John Jewell;

"Two Brewers," Richard Springate;

"Anchor and Hope," (now the "Windsor Castle"), William Botting;

"Compasses," Thomas Reynolds;

"New Inn," William Randall;

"Kingsley's Head" (now Mr Parmenter's), John Vinin.

King Street:

"Three Tuns," George Parks;

"Royal Oak," Thomas Simmonds;

"Dog and Bear," John Kennett.

"Queen Ann" Rodd;

"Queen Ann," John Kirby.

Gabriel's hill:

"Bull," George Rachell;

"George," Elizabeth Bassett;

"Ship," Henry Hill.

Stone Street:

"Town Arms" (now Mr King's), John Newman;

"Monk's Head," John Chittenden;

"White Lion," William Reader;

"Fortune of War," Thomas Dann;

"Plough," Joseph Manerings Britter.


"Britannia," Henry Thomas.


"Globe," Samuel Smith.

Mill street:

"Golden Lion,"  Kennett Hogbin.

West Borough (formerly called Westree):

"King's Head," John Matthews;

"White Hart," John Barnett;

"Prince of Wales," Stephen Poolly.

Earl street:

The "Coal Barge" (now the "Market House"), Mary Ann Upton;

"Unicorn" (now the "Prince Alfred"), William Misson;

"Jolly Waterman" (now the "Crown"), Charles Barnett;

"King's Arms," Richard Hodgekin;

Fair Meadow:

"Lamb," Edwin Poolly.

Union Street:

"Union Flag," Russell Norman.


"Bricklayer's Arms," William Waters.


"Canteen," John Burrows.

St Faith street:

"Lord Nelson," Martin Gardner;


"Papermill" (now the "Royal Papermill"), Thomas Weekes.


"Bell," James Clapton.


"King's Head," Charles Couchman.


Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, 19 February 1870.

A woman named Bunyard, who keeps the "Dew Drop Inn," Borough, applied to the magistrate to protect from her husband some goods of which she expected to come into possession, and which her husband would otherwise make off with as he previously had done. The applicant was told that if her husband were to stay away from his home a few weeks she could have a protection order; as yet he had only been away a few days.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 11 March, 1870. Price 1d.


Licenses to sell wine by retail were granted to Mr. Wrightson, grocer, 16, Oxenden Street, Mr. Richardson, grocer, 53, Biggin Street, Mr. Neville Beard, Market Place, and Mr. J. Bolton, chemist, King Street.


Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, 16 April 1870.

Special Petty Sessions.

A special session was held on Wednesday for transferring and granting ale-house licenses.

Thomas Bailey applied for the transfer of the license of the "North Foreland Inn" from Daniel Hall to himself; application granted.

The license of the "New Inn" was transferred from Thomas Henry Parks to John Williams.

The license of the "Folkestone Cutter Inn" was transferred from Moses Browning to William Baker.

James Long-hurst applied for a license to sell excisable liquors at the "Crown and Anchor Inn," Edmund Ashby, the person licensed at the last general annual licensing meeting, having removed from the house. The application was granted under 9 Geo. 4, c. 61, sec. 14.

Messrs. John Lukey and William Henry Lakey applied under section 5 of the Wine and Beer License Act, 1869, for a certificate to sell bottled beer; granted.

A similar application by Messrs. Underwood and Penfold was granted.

Mr. George Brinckman applied for and was granted a license to sell wine, not to be consumed on the premises.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 28 April, 1870.



At the Court of Bankruptcy, on Saturday, before Mr. Registrar Brougham, the case of Robert Percival Evans and John Carberry Evans, hop merchants of Fatherwell Hall, near Maidstone, Kent, and of High Street, Borough, whose failure it was alleged caused the failure of the Hop Planters Association, again came before the Court, and occupied the entire sitting.

Mr. Finley Knight attended for the assignees, the manager of the London and County Bank. Mr. Bagley and Mr. B. Miller for the Hop Planters Association; and Mr. Haine Linklater for the opposing creditors, Messrs. West, Whitehead, and James, hop merchants of the Borough, and Mr. B. Smith hop grower, of Worcester. Mr. Sergeant Sargood (specially retained) and Mr. Ernest Reed supported the bankrupt, whose total debts it mat be remembered were 126,078 18s. 9d., and deficiency 91, 058 13s. 5d.

Mr. Linklater examined the bankrupts at great length upon the various items of expenditure in their accounts, including the charge for jewellery, wine, travelling expenses, keep of carriage and horses, servants on establishment at Walton-on-Thames for a lady, the allowance of 800 per annum to their father, Robert Meodham Evans, and their profits and losses, the majority of which have already been published.

Mr. Linklater was repeatedly interrupted by the learned councel for the bankrupts which prolonged the case for three weeks beyond the usual hour for the Court to rise.

After hearing the several advocates, his Honour expressed an opinion that the charge of rash and hazardous trading had not been made out, nor of entering into hazardous speculations which were unjustifiable, but the offence of extravagant expenditure as appeared from the accounts filed, although it was not sufficient to bring them within the 159th section of the Bankruptsy Act, 1881, yet it appeared that their profit increased they increased their expenditure, and that they ought to be punished for not looking into their affairs from time to time in order to ascertain how they stood, instead of leaving the book-keeping to clerks. Taking all the facts into consideration, he had come to the conclusion that their order of discharge should be allowed on certain conditions, and therefore he should order each of them to set aside any sum beyond 1,000 per annum out of their future income until all their creditors had received 7s. 6d. in the pound.

Mr. Linklater supplied that the costs of opposing creditors should come out of the bankrupt's estate, but his Honour declined to make any move, and the presented proceedings then closed.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 6 May, 1870.


Margaret Wellard, a servant living at East Cliff, was charged with being drunk and incapable, and with causing an obstruction in Spring Place.

Prisoner said she had only been in her present situation six weeks.

The policeman said he had seen her quit with a soldier during the early part of the evening; but it was one o'clock when he found her in the state described.

Prisoner said she belonged to Dublin. But had lately come from Colchester. She had a friend in Dover to whose house she could go, and she thought they would not refuse to take her back at East Cliff.

The Magistrates dismissed her with a caution.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 22 July, 1870.


Lahn Lawrence, a Dunkerque pilot, was charged with having been found drunk and disorderly on Commercial Quay, shortly after two o'clock the same morning.

Police-constable Bowles said that at the hour stated he found the prisoner near the Post Office with a pilot's bag lying beside him. He said that he wanted to go to Calais, and a couple of post office clerks were trying to get him to the pier. The prisoner, however, was very drunk and refused to go, and he (Bowles) had to take him into custody.

The prisoner now said that he had come over from Deal, having piloted a ship to the Downs, and that he was desirous of crossing the Channel to Calais by the next packet. Unfortunately he got too much to drink the previous night, and did not know what he was about when found by the policeman.

The Magistrates dismissed him on paying for the hearing.


Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, 23 July 1870.


A man named Styles was charged with supplying beer on his premises at St. Martin’s hill during prohibited hours on Sunday. It appeared that some men were in the house at the time in question, but no beer was found in the pots that were on the table. Defendant asked the police constable to take no notice this time.

The magistrates fined him 1s.; costs, 10s.


Chatham News, Saturday 27 August 1870.

County Magistrates, Rochester.

Tuesday. Magistrates, the Earl of Darnley; Rev. J. J. Marshall and Rev. A. Smith-Masters; Captain Savage and Colonel Bingham, C.B.

General Licensing Day.

The annual Petty Sessions was held this day for the North Division of the Lathe of Aylesford for granting licences to persons keeping inns, ale-houses, and victualling houses, to sell excisable liquors by retail, to be drunk or consumed on the premises.

The great bulk of the licences to spirit houses were first disposed of, in addition to the licences for beer houses; with the exception of those to landlords against two complaints had been made, which were ordered to stand over.

New applications.

There were 11 new applications for spirit licences.


Lord Darnley announced that three licensed victuallers and landlords of beer houses whose licence had been withheld, in consequence of complaints having been made against them, must attend again on 30th September.

There were complaints against 16 Licensed Victuallers and 28 beer houses.


Chatham News 27 August 1870.

Beer House Licenses

Mr. Hayward applied for a Beer license licence for the "Olive Branch," Chatham, near Magpie Hall Lane.

Mr. R. PraII opposed for the landlord of the "Magpie."



A gentleman, not a solicitor, whose name did not transpire, applied for a licence for Mr. Owen J. Carter, High Street, Chatham.

Mr. Hayward opposed for the landlord of the "Cross Keys," and said as the person applying was not a solicitor, he could not be heard.

The gentleman said Mr. Carter was away, and could not attend.

The Magistrates said Mr. Carter must be present; they could not hear the applicant.

The case was adjourned till the 30th of September.


The following beer licences were granted "Jolly Gardeners," Perry Street, Northfleet; "Mulberry Tree," Grange.


The following applications were refused:- "Black Robin," Wouldham; "White Horse," Stoke (this house is situate directly opposite the "Old White Horse"); the "Victory," Middle Street, Brompton; the "Fox," Fox Street. New Brompton; the "Victoria," Victoria Street, New Brompton.

An application was made by Mr. Wates of Gravesend, for a beer licence to be granted to Mr. Tinsley to keep a "shanty" at Shornemead battery, at which place fortifications were bring carried out. A letter from Col. Gordon, R. A., was put in and read, showing that the granting of the licence would be a great convenience to the service, and be hoped that the Magistrates would not refuse it.

The Bench decided that certain formalities must be implied with, and then the licence would be granted, with the proviso that such licence would be withdrawn if deemed necessary.



Mr. G. Winch applied for and obtained a licence for Mr. Alfred Francis, for beer to be sold on premises at the cement works at Cliff. There was no opposition.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 2 September, 1870.


James M'Carter was charged by Police-constable Bowles with drunkenness and obstructing the footway in Five Post Lane; but was dismissed with a caution on paying the cost of the hearing.


From the Whitstable Times, 10 September, 1870.


The renewal of licenses for ale and beer houses in the Home Division was fixed for Saturday last. The number of the former description was 118, and of the latter 66, and there only being two complaints made by the police, the whole of the licenses were granted.

Mr. Robert Hitchings Bushell made an application for permission to sell beer to be drunk on his premises at Herne Bay, viz., in a building adjoining his brewery.

The application was supported by a barrister and opposed by Mr. Delasaux, who contended that by granting the license the Bench would only be increasing an already large number of beer houses in Herne Bay.

Ultimately the license was allowed.


From the Whitstable Times, 10 September, 1870.


(Before J. Hemery, Esq., Aldermam Aris, and R. Y. Fill, Esq.)

The magistrates were occupied some time in disposing of the business of the annual licensing day. The number of public-houses in the city is 184, and during the year they have on the whole been conducted in a creditable manner.


Maidstone Telegraph, Saturday 10 September 1870.

Bearsted intelligence. Petty sessions. Monday.

Before the Earl of Romney (in the chair,) C. G. Whitaker, R. Fowler, W. Moore, J. Whitehead, C. Whitehead, W. Balston, and R. Thomas, Esqs.

Annual licensing day.

This was the annual licensing day and all the publican's, beer housekeepers, &c., attended to obtain a renewal of the certificate by which they might obtain fresh licences.

The following applications were adjourned till the next sitting in consequence of not having their notices properly signed.

Mr. Goodhue, "Squirrel," at Stockbury; Mr. Hughes, "Old England," Hollingbourne, and Mrs. Nelson the "Bell," Thurnham.


William Sedgwick, of East Sutton, applied for a licence to sell beer to be drunk on the premises he previously having one for the sale of beer not to be drunk on the premises.

The magistrates granted the application.


On the renewal of out door beer certificates, the Bench cautioned the applicants that if they supplied beer which was afterwards drunk in the road outside the house they would still be liable to a penalty for an infringement of the law.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 16 September, 1870. Price 1d.


The Borough Magistrates held their annual licensing meeting on Monday last at the Sessions House. The Magistrates on the bench were E. F. Astley (in the Chair), J. F. Crookes, T. E. Back, C. Stein, J. G. Churchward, J. G. Smith, and W. R. Mowll Esqs. Most of the licenses were renewed pro forma. The exceptional cases were the following.


The licence of the “Cambridge Hall,” Adrian Street, was withheld for Sunday trading.

Similar cautions were also given in the following cases; Thomas Hammond, the “Prince of Wales;” S. Sneller, the “Havelock Arms;” Henry Gurr, the “Wheelwright's Arms;” R. Pay, the “Half Moon;” James Joyce; James Symonds, the “Standard;” Robert Hind, the “Burlington;” Thomas Middleton, the “Cinque Port Arms;” Thomas Ash, the “Crown;” John S. Norris, “Commercial Quay;” R. G. Taylor, “Cambridge Arms;” Thomas Roach, the “Lion;” Elizabeth Ripsher, the “Providence;” G. R. Ainslie, the “Terminus Inn.”


The applications of Henry Amos, for the “Two Brothers” was refused.

The applications of Ann Harvey, for a house at Church Place was refused.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 14 October, 1870. Price 1d.


Several parties were fined 1s. and the costs for being found drinking in public-houses during prohibited hours on Sunday week.